General Organization of a Vertebrae Flashcards Preview

Spinal Exam One > General Organization of a Vertebrae > Flashcards

Flashcards in General Organization of a Vertebrae Deck (37):
1

What are the three basic osseous parts of a vertebrae

the vertebral body, vertebral arch, and the apophyseal regions

2

What is the general shape of the vertebral body at each region of the spine

cervical-rectangular
thoracic-triangular
lumbar reniform

3

What is the name given to the compact bone at the superior and inferior surfaces of the vertebral body

superior/inferior epiphyseal rim

4

What is the name given to the cartilage found at the superior and inferior surface of a developing vertebral body

Superior and inferior epiphyseal plate

5

What are the names of the opening found around the margins of the vertebral body

nutrient foramina or vascular foramina

6

What large opening is usually observed at the back of the vertebral body

the basivertebral venous foramen

7

What is the name given to the anterior part of the vertebral arch

the pedicle

8

What is the name given to the feature located at the upper and lower surface of the pedicle

the superior/inferior vertebral notch/incisor

9

What is the generic orientation of the pedicle at each region of the spine

cervical-posterolateral
thoracic-posterior and slight lateral
lumbar-posterior

10

All lamina are oriented in what direction

posterior and median

11

What ligament will attach to the lamina

ligamentum flavum

12

What is the name given to abnormal bone at the attachment site of the ligamentum flavum

para articular processes

13

What classification of bone will para-articular processes represent

accessory bone

14

What is the name given to the overlap of lamina as seen on x-ray

shingling

15

What is the name given to the lamina-pedicle junction at each region of the spine

cervical- articular pillars
thoracic & lumbar- pars interarticularis

16

What is the name given to the junction of the vertebral arch- spinous process on lateral X-ray

the spinolaminar junction

17

What is the name given to the tubular bone growth regions of the vertebral arch

the apophyseal regions

18

What names may be given to each apophysis of the spine

the transverse apophysis or transverse process
articular apophysis or articular process
spinous apophysis or spinous process

19

What is the generic orientation of the transverse process or transverse apophysis at each region of the spine

cervical-anterior lateral
thoracic- posteriorlateral
lumbar-lateral

20

All non-rib-bearing vertebrae of the spine retain what equivalent feature

the costal element

21

What is the name given to the rounded elevation at the end of the transverse apophysis or transverse process

the transverse tubercle

22

What will cause the transverse process/transverse apophysis to alter its initial direction in the cervical region

cervical spinal nerves are pulled forward to form the cervical and brachial nerve plexuses thus remodeling the transverse process to accommodate their new position

23

What will cause the transverse process/transverse apophysis to alter its initial direction in the thoracic region

the growth of the lungs remodel the shape of the ribs which in turn push the transverse process backward

24

What will the articular process/articular apophysis support

the articular facet

25

What is the name given to the joint formed between articular facets of a vertebral couple

The zigapophysis

26

What is the name given to the bone surface at the front of a zygapophysis

the superior articular facet

27

What is the name given to the one surface at the back of the zygapophysis

the inferior articular apophysis, the inferior articular process or the post zygapophysis

28

What is the name given to the part of the vertebra forming the pre-zygapophysis

the superior articular process or superior articular apophysis

29

What is the name given to the part of the vertebra forming the post zygapophysis

the inferior articular process or inferior articular apophysis

30

What will form the posterior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen

the inferior articular process/post-zygapophysis, the superior articular process/ pre-zygapophysis, the capsular ligament, and the ligamentum flavum

31

What will form the superior boundary of a typical vertebral foramen

the inferior vertebral notch/incisure

32

What will form the inferior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen

the superior vertebral notch/incisure

33

What will form the anterior boundary ofa typical intervertebral foramne

the vertebral body of the segment above and below, the intervertebral disc, and the Posterior longitudinal ligament

34

What is the method of calculating the angle of the spinous process/apophysis

calculate the angle formed between the undersurface of the spinous process/apophysis and the horizontal plane

35

What is the name given to the normal overlap of spinous process/apophyses as seen on x-ray

imbrication

36

What is the name given to the rounded elevation at the tip of the spinous process/apophysis

spinous tubercle

37

What is the orientation of the spinous process/apophysis at each regioun of the spine

cervical-slight angle inferiorly
thoracic -noticeable angle inferiorly
lumbar-no inferior angle