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Spinal Exam One > Cervical region > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cervical region Deck (33):
1

Which mammals have more than seven cervical vertebrae

ant bear and three toed sloth

2

Which mammals have less than seven cervical vertebrae

two toed sloth and manatee

3

Which vertebrae are typical cervicals

C3-C6

4

What is the appearance of the typical cervical vertebral body from the lateral view

posterior hight is higher than anterior hight by a few millimeters

5

What would be the direction of the cervical curve based on osseous features

posterior or kyphotic

6

What accounts for the direction of the typical cervical curve

the intervertebral disc hight

7

What is the direction of the typical cervical curve

anterior or lordotic

8

at which vertebral couple will the cervical curve again increase intervertebral disc height

C5/C6

9

What is the effect of aging on the cervical vertebral body

it diminishes the overall height of the vertebral body

10

What are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical

anterior groove, posterior groove, right and left uncinate processes

11

What are the names of the lateral modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim

uncinate/unciform/uncovertebral process or uncus or lateral lip

12

at what developmental age will the uncinate process first be observed

3rd or 4th fetal month

13

What are the modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical

anterior and posterior lip and right and left lateral grooves

14

What is the joint classification for the anterior lip-anterior groove articulaton

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

15

What is the joint classification for the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation

modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

16

What is the joint classification for the spongy bone intervertebral disc articulation

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphisis

17

How many joint surfaces are present on the upper surface of a typical cervical vertebral body

5

18

how many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical

10

19

What is the name given to the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation

joint of luschka or uncovertebral joint

20

the joint of luschka is formed by what two surfaces

uncinate process and lateral groove

21

What is the functional significance of the joint of luschka

it appears to stabilize the intervertebral disc while accommodating flexion-extention and requiring coupled motion (axial rotation and lateral bending) in the cervical spine

22

What muscle attaches to the typical cervical vertebral body

longus colli muscle

23

What is the orientation and angulation of the pedicle of a typical cervical

posterolateral, 45 degrees

24

at what location on the vertebral body of a typical cervical will the pedicle attach

to the side and in the center of the vertebral body

25

What surface feature is located at the upper margin of the pedicle

superior vertebral notch

26

What ligament attaches to the lamina of a typical cervical

ligamentum flavum

27

What joint classification will be associated with the ligamentum flavum and its attachment

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

28

Ossification of the ligamentum flavum at the attachment site on the lamina will result in what feature

para articular process

29

What is the outline of the vertebral foramen of a typical cervical vertebral foramen

heart shaped or triangular

30

Which is the greatest diameter of the vertebral foramen of a typical cervical foramen

transverse

31

What soft tissue diameter mimics the outline of the typical cervical vertebral foramen

the transverse diameter of the cervical enlargement of the spinal cord

32

the greatest transverse diameter of the typical cervical vertebra occurs at what level

C6

33

the greatest frequency of osteophytes associated with the vertebral body occurs at which typical cervical vertebral couple

C5/C6