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Flashcards in Bones Deck (11)
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1

What is peak bone mass

When bones are at their strongest.

2

Why is vitamin D vital for healthy bones?

It helps absorb calcium.

3

List 3 good dietary sources of vitamin D

oily fish
egg yolks
beef liver

4

List two non dairy calcium sources

white bread
sardines in oil

5

When is peak bone mass reached for girls and boys

Girls- 18
Boys- 20
After this the bone strength gradually decreases as growing is now stopped.

6

How is vitamin D made?

When our skin is exposed to direct sunlight, our skin produces a special chemical under our skin which absorbs Vitamin D.

7

Learn-osteoporosis weight bearing

We should regularly be taking weight-bearing exercising to help our bones to become strong. (Walking)
It helps improve density and the mass of our bones.

8

What is osteoporosis?

This a condition that weakens the bones, making them more likely to break. It is also known as the brittle bone disease.

9

Learn-osteoporosis peak bone mass and gender

The stronger the bones are at peak bone mass, the stronger they are for longer.
Women are more likely to get osteoporosis than men.

10

Risk factors of osteoporosis are?

Lack of Vitamin D
Lack of Calcium
Smoking and excessive alcohol limits the amount of calcium being absorbed.

11

Learn- reducing the risk of osteoporosis

It is vital for males to get at least 1000mg of calcium each day from 11-18. For females at least 800mg is required daily.
Quit smoking and excessive drinking alcohol.
Follow the eatwell guide and have a varied diet.