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Flashcards in Food And Nutrition Deck (45)
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1

The food a nutrient is found in is a

Source

2

Nutrient is

A substance found in food that has a specific function in the body

3

Food is

Anything we eat or drink

4

Getting too much of a nutrient is called

Excess

5

Deficiency is

Not getting enough of a nutrient

6

The food we eat on a day to day basis is

Our diet

7

The job a nutrient has in the body is

Function

8

The five nutrients are

Protein
Fat
Carbohydrates
Vitamin
Mineral

9

Men should drink ... litres of water
Women should drink ... litres of water

2.0
1.6

10

Four causes of dehydration

Sweating during exercise
Vomiting
Diarrhoea
Not drinking enough

11

Four symptoms of dehydration

Feeling thirsty
Dry mouth
Headache
Tiredness

12

Six sources of water (name at least four)

Cucumber
Pineapple
Soup
Tea
Smoothie
Milk

13

Recall the functions of water

1.Water transports nutrients around the body
2.It helps us get rid of waste products
3.It helps protect and lubricate joints
4.It evaporates from the skin when we get too hot and therefore helps regulate body temperature

14

Dietary fibre helps prevent

Constipation

15

In the long term deficiency of dietary fibre can result in

Bowel cancer and diverticular disease

16

Dietary fibre is only found in

Plant foods

17

Four good sources of fibre

Bran flakes
Brown pasta
Baked beans
Fruit and vegetables with skins

18

Recall protein functions

1. For rapid growth during childhood and adolescence
2.Repair and maintenance of all body cells and tissues at all stages of life

19

Recall fat functions

1.To provide a concentrated source of fat
2.Insulate the body to maintain body temperature at 37 degrees Celsius
3.Protect the vital organs, e.g. kidneys

20

Saturated fat sources

Butter
Sausages
Cream
Bacon

21

Plant sources of protein

Kidney beans
Bread,rice and pasta
Chick peas
Lentils

22

Excess amounts of protein can

Damage the kidneys

23

A diet high in saturated fats may lead to

Coronary Heart Disease

24

Too much fat of any kind will lead to

Obesity

25

Animal sources of protein

Beef
Pork
Eggs
Poultry
Milk,Cheese,Yoghurt

26

Recall carbohydrates function

To supply the body with energy

27

Excess starch will lead to

Obesity
This is because excess starch will be stored as fat.

28

Name sugary carbohydrates sources

Sweets
Fizzy drinks
Cakes
Buns
Biscuits

29

Excess sugary carbohydrates can lead to

Tooth decay

30

Name starchy carbohydrates sources

Bread
Pasta
Cous Cous
Rice
Potatoes