Bovine Periparturient Period Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bovine Periparturient Period Deck (17):
1

In what species do we most commonly observe vaginal prolapse?

Bovine

2

T/F: Vaginal and uterine prolapses are hereditary

FALSE

Vaginal prolapses are hereditary; not uterine prolapses

3

Predisposition to vaginal prolapse is a hereditary trait, especially in what cattle breeds?

Herefords and Shorthorns

4

If the floor of the vagina protrudes intermittently, this would be a Grade ___ vaginal prolapse

Grade 1

5

This would be classified as a Grade ___ vaginal prolapse

Grade 4

Has been exposed long enough to cause necrosis/fibrosis

6

What technique is shown below to prevent recurrence of vaginal prolapse in the cow?

Buhner technique

7

What technique is shown below to prevent recurrence of vaginal prolapse in the cow?

Bootlace

Really only used for extreme cases of prolapse

8

T/F: For treatment of vaginal prolapse, one of the benefits to the Minchev technique is that the cow can calve through it

True!

9

Name some predisposing factors for uterine prolapse:

  • Dystocia
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Uterine inertia
  • Straining

10

When performing a C-section, which approach allows the cow to stay standing and gives moderate exposure?

  • Ventral midline
  • Left flank
  • Left paramedian
  • Right paramedian

Left flank

11

In the case of uterine prolapse, it is important to travel to the animal for treatment. If the farmer trailers the cow, the most concerning risk is rupture of:

middle uterine artery

Can result in hypovolemic shock and DEATH

12

Buhner Needle

13

Perineal lacerations do not commonly occur spontaneously. When do they usually occur?

usually iatrogenic during dystocia

14

This perineal laceration would be described as ____ degree

3rd degree

Affecting entire wall of vagina, perineal body, rectum, and anus

15

Repair of a rent in a uterine horn may be attempted via __________

laparotomy

16

If you notice post-parturient bleeding from the vagina, it is recommended to administer:

oxytocin

allows the tissue to contract down

17

Describe the radical treatment option for uterine prolapse that may be used as a last resort:

amputation of the uterus cranial to the cervix