Bovine Non-infectious Infertility Flashcards Preview

RUSVM Theriogenology > Bovine Non-infectious Infertility > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bovine Non-infectious Infertility Deck (20):
1

Severe inflammation involving all layers of the uterus is termed:

metritis

2

What is the treatment for pyometra in cows?

remove the CL (PGF2a)

3

What hormone aids in uterine involution?

  • Progesterone
  • Oxytocin
  • Testosterone
  • GnRH

Oxytocin

4

Sharing of the chorioallantoic membrane occurs with what condition?

Freemartinism

5

T/F: Presence of progesterone will inhibit uterine involution

True

6

An ovarian follicular cyst is a thin-walled fluid filled structure > ___mm and must persist for a minimum of ____ days

An ovarian follicular cyst is a thin-walled fluid filled structure >25 mm and must persist for a minimum of 10 days.

7

Endometritis occurs at least _____ days post-calving

Endometritis occurs at least 21 days after calving

8

What is the main factor affecting uterine involution?

retained fetal membranes

9

What systemic antibiotics are labeled for treatment of endometritis in cows?

None.

All the the antibiotics that are used are used OFF-LABEL

10

Normal uterine involution usually takes ______ days

25-50 days

In a beef cow, it's more likely to take closer to 25 days. In dairy cows, it will likely take closer to 50 days

11

You note the presence of >50% purulent material (score 3) in uterine discharge detectable in vagina 21 days or more after parturition. What is your diagnosis?

endometritis

12

Ovarian follicular cysts increase calving intervals by ~____ days

Ovarian follicular cysts increase calving intervals by ~50 days

13

Metritis occurs within the first _____ days post-calving

Metritis occurs within the first 21 days post-calving

14

T/F: To treat a cow with retained fetal membranes, it is generally recommended to manually remove the placenta

False

It's best to leave it alone! It usually comes out on its own in ~7 days

15

What systemic antibiotics are best for treatment of metritis?

Ceftiofur, Penicillin, Oxytetracycline

16

T/F: Treatment of endometritis should always involve an intrauterine flush

False

17

Endometritis is inflammation of the endometrium extending no deeper than the __________

stratum spongiosum

18

T/F: For treatment of metritis in the cow, Dr. French thinks it's super cool to lavage the uterus

No. No she doesn't.

19

What is the effect of oxytocin on the uterus?

increased uterine tone

20

What is the primary sign associated with the presence of an ovarian follicular cyst?

anestrus