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Flashcards in Bullet Review Deck (150)
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1

What % of parotid and submandibular gland calculi are radiopaque on CT scan

1 0% and 90%, respectively.

2

How long does it take for the dermis to normalize after chemical face peeling

10 months.

3

What percent of parotid and submandibular gland calculi are radiopaque on CT scan?

10% and 80%, respectively.

4

What % of tympanocentesis specimens are sterile despite apparently active disease

20 - 30%.

5

What is the incidence of sterile tympanocentesis specimens in the presence of apparently active disease?

20-30%.

6

What is the minimum systolic arterial pressure required to maintain cerebral perfusion?

50 mm Hg.

7

Retropharyngeal abscess is most common in what age group?

6 months to 3 years (retropharyngeallymph nodes regress in size after the age of 3).

8

What is the most common type of tracheoesophageal fistula?

A blind-ending proximal esophageal pouch with a fistula from the lower esophagus to the trachea (85%).

9

What is rollover?

A decrease in speech discrimination at high intensities suggestive of a retrocochlear lesion.

10

What is a ranula

A mucous retention cyst involving the sublingual gland in the floor of the mouth characterized by a bluish surface.

11

An 11-year-old underwent excisional biopsy of a midline cyst adjacent to the hyoid bone. He continues to experience drainage and breakdown of his surgical wound. What is the treatment of choice

A Sistrunk procedure, the definitive procedure for thyroglossal duct cysts.

12

A 3-year-old sustains bilateral subcondylar fractures of the mandible. Occlusion is normal and radiological studies demonstrate minimal displacement. What is the recommended management

A soft diet and physical therapy aimed at maintaining range of motion.

13

An infant presents with coughing, choking, and cyanosis during feeding. This clinical triad suggests what process?

A tracheoesophageal fistula.

14

A patient with HIV presents with gingival pain and a foul mouth odor. Physical examination reveals fever and cervical lymphadenopathy; examination of his oral cavity is shown below. "What is the most likely diagnosis?

Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, also known as trench mouth or Vincent's disease. The punched-out ulcerations of the interdental papillae are pathognomonic.

15

A patient presents with gingival pain and a foul mouth odor. Physical examination reveals fever, lymphadenopathy, bright red gingiva and ulcerated papillae with a gray membrane. What is the most likely diagnosis

Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis; also known as trench mouth or Vincent's disease.

16

What is the preferred method of hand hygiene as recommended by the CDC and WHO?

Alcohol-based hand rub except when hands are visibly soiled or after caring for patients with infectious diarrhea, in which soap and water should be used.

17

Which syndromes are associated with hearing loss and renal abnormalities?

Alport, Branchiootorenal, Fanconi anemia, Turner, and Weil.

18

What syndromes are associated with hearing loss and renal abnormalities

Alport, Branchiootorenal, Fanconi Anemia, Turner, and Weil.

19

Six days after parotidectomy, your patient develops a fluid collection at the angle of the mandible. What test would be most helpful in determining the etiology of the fluid

Amylase (to differentiate between sialocele and seroma).

20

What disorder is characterized by deficiency of C1-esterase inhibitor?

Angioneurotic edema.

21

Acute, branching, septate hyphae are characteristic of which fungus

Aspergillus fumigatus.

22

Why is facial electroneurography (ENoG) an unreliable prognostic indicator more than 3 weeks after the onset of facial paralysis

Asynchronous discharge from regenerating nerve fibers can give a false-positive or false-negative report of nerve status.

23

In the tonotopic organization of the cochlea, where are the low frequencies located

At the cochlear apex.

24

What is the treatment for alar retraction of> 2 mm?

Auricular microcomposite graft.

25

What laboratory values are abnormal in patients with von Willebrand's disease

Bleeding time and PTT.

26

Where is verrucous carcinoma most likely to arise?

Buccal mucosa.

27

What is the most common complication of the phenol peel?

Cardiotoxicity.

28

A 45-year-old man presents with a neck mass anterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle. The mass is mobile laterally but not vertically. T1 MRI shows a soft tissue mass at the level of the carotid bifurcation that displaces the internal carotid artery posteriorly and the external carotid artery anteriorly. The mass enhances intensely and homogenously with gadolinium. What is the tumor?

Carotid body tumor.

29

What diagnosis must be investigated in a patient presenting with pulsating exophthalmos?

Carotid-cavernous fistula.

30

What diagnosis must be investigated in a patient presenting with pulsating exophthalmos

Carotid-cavernous fistula.