Buzz words: Infectious Diseases Flashcards Preview

Year 3 Medicine > Buzz words: Infectious Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Buzz words: Infectious Diseases Deck (34):
1

Rice water stool
Gm –ve

Cholera

2

Bloody diarrhoea
Gm –ve

Shigella

3

Traveller’s diarrhoea
Enterotoxigenic

E-Coli

4

Gm –ve, motile bacilli
Rose spots
Gradual onset

Salmonella typhi

5

Gm +ve
Pseudomembranous colitis
White/yellow plaques
Tx: IV metronidazole/vancomycin

C. difficile

6

Self-limiting
Hx of poultry or unpasteurised milk
Gm –ve corkscrew/flagella

Campylobacter

7

Plague
Gm –ve anaerobe

Yersinia

8

Flask-shaped ulcers
Bloody diarrhoea
RUQ pain --> liver abscesses

Enteroamoeba

9

Eastern Europe/Russia
Hikers
Foul smelling stools + gas
Cysts and pear shaped trophozoites
Watery diarrhoea
Malabsorption of protein

Giardia

10

Reheated rice/Chinese takeway
Sudden vomiting, minimal diarrhoea

B. cereus

11

Malaise, mild fever, headache
Muscular aches and pains
A: birds, B: seals, C: pigs

Influenza

12

Retrobulbar headache
Rash, facial flushing
RNA virus
Dengue shock syndrome à haemorrhagic
fever

Dengue Fever

13

Falciparum – worst
Malaise, headache, D&V
Plasmodium ovale/vivax stay in system
(V&O do not go)
Chloroquinine (old = quinine)

Malaria

14

Falciparum – worst
Malaise, headache, D&V
Plasmodium ovale/vivax stay in system
(V&O do not go)
Chloroquinine (old = quinine)

Malaria

15

Latent infection
RIPE
Rifampcicin: orange secretions
Isoniazid: peripheral neuropathy, drug
interactions
Pyrazinamid: hepatotoxicity
Ethambutol: optic neuritis (red-green
colour blindness)

TB

16

HHV: cold sore/genital

HHV I/II

17

HHV: varicella zoster (chicken pox/shingles)

HHV III

18

HHV: EBV, infectious mononucleosis

HHV IV

19

HHV: CMV, immunocomprimised
Fever, pneumonitis, colitis,
hepatitis, retinitis, CNS

HHV V

20

HHV: Children (rosida)

HHV VI/VII

21

HHV: Kaposi’s sarcoma

HHV VIII

22

Cutaneous: itchy papules, ulcer w raised
edges
Visceral: lymphadenopathy
Mucocutaneous: lips/nose/pharynx
Protazoa
Spread by sandflies

Leishmaniasis

23

Parasitic worms spread by freshwater snails
“Swimmer’s itch”
Kayama fever: fever, rash, myalgia, diarrhoea, hepatosplenomegaly
Eventually chronic in myenteric veins

Schistosomiasis

24

Parasitic worms spread by freshwater snails
“Swimmer’s itch”
Kayama fever: fever, rash, myalgia, diarrhoea, hepatosplenomegaly
Eventually chronic in myenteric veins

Schistosomiasis

25

Spread by ticks
Rural/woodland areas
Erythema migrans, myalgia, fever,
headache, malaise
Bulls eye appearance

Lyme Disease

26

STI --> septic arthritis

Neisseria Gonnorhoea

27

Gm –ve
Currant jelly sputum
Staghorn calculi

Klebsiella

28

Pneumocystis jivoreci
CD4

PCP (symptoms worse than CXR)

29

Itchy popular rash
Skin burrows

Scabies

30

Sardonic smile
Cut on rusty metal

Tetanus

31

PML
AIDS-defining
Alien hand

JC Virus

32

Ring enhancing features on CT

Toxoplasmosis

33

HIV +ve
Dry cough and SOB
Normal CXR

Pneumocystis carinii (symptoms worse than CXR)

34

Low Na, forgetful
SOB, muscle cramps
Air conditioning unit --> travel

Legionella