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Flashcards in Byzantians and Christianity Deck (28):
1

a) Byzantine Government

i) Dominate Style (Absolutist)

2

b) Autocrator

i) Self-Powering

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c) Byzantine Religion

i) Christian Dominated

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ii) Simeon Stylites

(Simeon the Pillar Dweller)
(1) Thought the satanic side of humanity needed to be subdued
(a) Your human flesh
(2) Went into the Syrian Desert and built himself a column
(a) Lived inside it for years
(b) Built 3 more and lived in all of them

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d) 5 Big Heresy’s

i) Aranism
(1) Distinction between God the Father and God the Son
(a) An Ecumenical Council was founded in 325 AD to debate this issue
(i) Met in Nicaea
(ii) Disproved this
ii) Donatism
(1) Centered around Carthrage
(a) Once a priest, always a priest
iii) Pelagianism
(1) Men and Women have Freewill
iv) Nestorianism
(1) Came in the 5th Century BC
(2) Questioning the Holy Trinity
(a) Thought Jesus was a man
(i) The council ruled this as false, he was both man and god
v) Monophysitism
(1) 451 AD
(a) Jesus was God with human aspects, not really a man
(i) Another council debate
1. Declared it Heresy
vi) Donatism and Pelagianism can be grouped together as having similar ideas
(1) Both came from the West
vii) Aranism, Nestorianism and Monophysitism can be grouped together as having similar ideas
(1) Came from the East

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e) Caesaropapasism

i) No separation from Emperor as a governmental and religious ruler

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f) Patriarch

i) Christian church modeled this behavior
ii) Alexandria, Antioch and Rome were all very high on the Patriarchy
(1) Constantinople was made one when it became the Capital
iii) 7th Century AD Antioch and Alexandria were converted to Muslim

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g) Icon and Mosaic

i) Types of Art
ii) Icon tended to all look the same
iii) Mosaics tended to be 2D in appearance
iv) Both like Egyptian art work

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Alaric

 410 A.D.
 Took city of Rome
 Dizzogotes moved on and settled in Spain

10

Vandals

 Crossed Rhine
 Entered Roman empire
 Stayed in south Spain
 Took over carthage

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Ostrogoths

 Enter Italy
 Last years of 5th
 Ostrogoth kingdom
 Occupied the used to be Roman cities

12

Lomard

 Main groups that came in and took over
 England= least Romanized empire

13

Franks

 Successful
 500 A.D. fully control present day France
 Moved over the Rhine boundary
 Never loose culture
 Some of the religion are pagan
 Others (many) Christians

14

Ulfilas

 C.330 A.D.
 Convert people to Christianity “little wolf”
 Got wrong kind of Christianity
 Arianism- trinity one is higher than others “equal”
 Not main stream

15

Clovis

 C.500 A.D.
 Went directly to the right Christianity not Arian
 Alliance between ruler and rule have differences
 Religion is a coded language of Christianity

16

Syncretism

 Elements coming together
 Mithra
 Savory god
 Popular to army
 Mystery religion
 Asked to join
 Same as Dionysian

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Taurobolium

 Ceremonial
 Pit dug in ground 12-10 feet
 Lowered down into pit
 Grill is on top, slaughter bull
 Person is baptizing with the blood from the bull
 Pouring down into the pit
 Looked forward after life (heaven or hell)

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Christianity

 Drop out religion
 Dropout of society
 331A.D.
 Turned back on society
 Role models-chastity (virginity)

19

313 A.D

 Christianity is tolerated
 Favoured
 Many became to Christianity
 Further drop out of society
 Munks, nuns
 Shun society

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Eastern civilization
330 A.D.

 Greek polis= Byzantium
 Found empire
 Came to an end 415 A.D.

21

Justinian

 C.550 A.D.
 Peak of Byzantium empire
 Set a panel of legal experts to sum up of Roman law
 Everything is built on Justinian
 Cultural program
 Build on a massive scale
 Great church was built

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Hagia Sophia

 Holy wisdom
 1450 A.D. turned into musk
 20th century= museum
 Incredible achievement
 Became a pattern for all churches
 Attempted to restore unity across Mediterranean

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First target

 Vandals North Africa
 Located the city
 Reestablish north Africa to naval base
 Controlling western half of Mediterranean
 Wanted to control Rome and Italy
 For 20 years spending money

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Ravenna

 City at top of Adriatic Sea
 Established the exarchate
 Emperors representative

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7th century

 Muhammed died 632 A.D.
 Islam conquered Egypt/Africa/Persia/Syria
 All within a generation
 8th century came close
 Arabs and Byzantium began to tolerate

26

Seljuk Turks

 Arrived Eastern Flank of Byzantium
 1071 A.D. manzlkert
 Didn’t succeed

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Ottoman Turks

 took over Constantinople

28

Crusade 4

 liberate holy place
 got side tracked
 attached Christians in Constantinople
 1204-1261 A.D.