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Flashcards in Egypt and Meso Deck (19):

Nile & Mesopotamia

in between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers)
a) -Nile was well defended
b) -Mesopotamia was very open



Egypt had very little change in their society over a long period
were spread out all over the flood plains



had various changes



C.1785 BC
a) -He was identified as the world’s first “law giver”
b) -He was Mesopotamian


Similarities between Mesopotamians and Egyptians

both river based civilizations
b) -Hieroglyphics (priest-mark) and Cuneiform
c) -Both very timeless
i) -time was more “circular” as compared to being linear


Egyptian art

“Mind Art”


Homer’s poems Homer’s poems

were viewed in the same respect then as bibles



discovered KnossosMycenae (1450 BC)



discovered Troy



) 2500 BC, exposed 1900 AD
i) -not river based
ii) -traders
iii) -art was not like Egyptian or Mesopotamian
(1) -fish were a main inspiration
(a) -specific fish
(b) -art was not “cookie cutter” like
iv) -had no temples
v) -had statuettes (mini statues of gods and goddesses)
(1) -large contrast when compared to Egyptians large monuments
vi) -was not a “man’s” world
(1) -women were held at much a higher status when compared to Egyptians
(2) -more equality
vii) -possible child sacrifice
viii) -Lydia writing
(1) -linked up signs/scripts
(2) -2 forms
(a) -Linear A
(b) -Linear B
(i) -1946, man named Ventis claimed to crack linear B
1. -claimed to be an early form of Greek
2. -used to keep records
3. -due to slow integration of Greek speakers into Knossos
ix) -1800 Ad, Napoleon failed invasion, but his team of scientists/scholars found a town called Rosetta
(1) -where in the Delta the Rosetta-stone was found
(a) -contained Egyptian and Greek language
(i) -used the Greek to make sense of the hieroglyphics


1840’s Mesopotamian breakthrough of language

i) -bilingual text found
(1) -used known languages to read cuneiform


1900 BC Egypt

Egypt was invaded by the Hyksos
a) -ran the country for a couple hundred years
i) -culture shock to the Egyptians
(1) -first change in 1000 years


16) 1550 BC Egypt

wages war on Hyksos and win
a) -Egyptians back in power
b) -war of liberation
c) -Egypt expands militarily and wage war on Mesopotamia


17) Pharaoh Amenophis

(1375 BC)
a) -decided that a new beginning is needed
b) -claimed that the old gods and goddesses to be fake
i) -said there is only one true god
(1) -represented by the sun
c) -changed his name to Akhenaten
i) -revelation
ii) -got his imperial artists to chisel out any evidence of gods and goddesses
iii) -he built a new capital
(1) -Tell-El-Amarna
(a) -called the Armana revolution
(2) -unpolluted by false gods
(a) -one true god Is worshipped
(i) the art style changed
(b) -Akhenaten allowed himself to be drawn as seen
(c) -he was also drawn in family settings
iv) -when he died, another revolution occurred


18) Tutankhamen

was Akhenaten’s son
a) -his grave was found untouched in the 1920’s
b) -when he was born his name was Tutank”aten” not “amen”
(i) old capital was abandoned
ii) -new capital was made
c) -tried to erase all history of his father



a teacher
also, believed in monotheism
i) -Good god
ii) -Bad god
iii) -Good vs Evil
(1) -Believed your soul gets judged based on the good and bad parts
started in Mesopotamia
c) -people with Zoroaster background
(1) -migrated to current day India area due to Arab takeover of Mesopotamia in 7th century AD
d) -world’s oldest monotheism


20) Hebrew

a) -were originally people who were “desert dwellers”
i) -were thrown into Egypt as slaves
(1) -major culture shock (nothingSocietal placement)
(2) -stayed there for generations
b) -got out (exodus) via Moses
i) -culture shock again (societal placementnothing)
c) -made it to the promised land
i) -had to first fight and defeat the tribes that were already there


21) Solomon

a) -Jewish King around year 1000 BC
i) -built temples
ii) -golden age for the Jews
(1) -little kingdom
(a) -split when Solomon died
(i) -Into Israel and Judah
1. -they went their separate ways
2. In 586 BC Judah was conquered by a Mesopotamian power
a. Jewish survivors were exiled to Babylon
b. Couple of generations later Persians took control
i. Relatively civil people
ii. Allowed the Jews to go back to Jerusalem in 538 BC
iii. Jerusalem is now Jewish again
3. In 722 BC Israel was conquered by Syrians
a. 10/12 tribes of Israel were “lost”


23) Prophets

a) People who stand up and address their fellow Jews
i) Told people how to they should act
(1) What God likes/demands
b) Simple people
i) Weren’t overly special/high class
ii) Still thought they had God-given rights though