Mediaeval England Flashcards Preview

Hist 1350 > Mediaeval England > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mediaeval England Deck (28):
1

Hastings

 Battle of hastings
 1066 A.D.
 Norman conquest

2

William I

 Could get away with things
 King by conquest
 Duke of Normaday
 Wins battle and becomes king of England

3

Domesday Book

 Vikings were going to invade England
 Literate people sent out
 Record who had land/plow team/ taxes paid through the last angland/saxon Kings
 Record who has the land now/ value/ taxes now
 So detailed you can’t change it
 Stay till end of time

4

Oath of Salisbury

 Major town south of England
 Kings court met there
 Made leading vassals say an oath of loyalty to him
 King William I
 Didn’t work, didn’t have sanctions

5

Island

 Contains whales
 Scotland never raided

6

England troubles

 Welch and Scotland
 Queen Elizabeth had no heirs
 Closest was Scotland
 Became King
Normans died out

7

Angevin

 Middle 12th  1154 A.D.
 Also saw England not important heritance
 Richard Lion Heart
 Rained for 10 years
 Spent 10 months in England
 England continued to function in and efficient way, even with the absence of the king
 Handled it well
 Had no children
 Entire heritance goes to younger brother

8

John

 “unlucky” king
 Desperate to keep up with the cost
 Raised relief to 100 pounds
 Antagonizing vassals
 Every year go on campaign to get Normaday back
 People paid scootage
 Then say no next year, but keep scootage
 Does it for years
 Canterbury had no bishop
 John wanted his own man Innocent III Great
 got ugly neither of them backed down
 church went on strike

9

Magna Carta

 1215 A.D.
 No scootage or Aid in town
 If king needed feudal court to debate
 Except redeeming the body  ransom money
 Also the next in line is the eldest son
 Everyone has to contribute to eldest daughters’ dowry
 No free-man be taken or to imprison or in any harm, savedby lawful judgement of his peers
 Protected
 Freeman= very small percentage  limitation

10

Provision of Oxford

 12th century
 Makes constitution on the king (keep king, but limit the king
 Eventually gets abolished  feudal elite

11

Lord Ordainers

 13th century
 What’s right and what’s not,
 Limits the king again
 Again gets abolished

12

Quo Warranto

 1290 A.D.
 To many vassals claiming rights that he thought was royal rights
 Sent agents with this asking everyone in countryside
 Couldn’t convince the agents tolls went to Kings
 Couldn’t get to far ahead with his vassals because if you do they’ll turn against the King

13

Primus/inter Pares

First among equals
 Law people equal to king

14

Language

 English people= before 1066 spoke English
 Normans= foreigners brought French
 Courts of law= 17th century Norman French
 Till 19th century- Norman French

15

Model Parliament

 1295 A.D.
 Sometimes there isn’t a parliament Kings decision
 Royal initiative
 Parliament makes king money
 Little tax
 Consumer of money= war
 13th-14th century England/ France at war
 Tax exports goods
 No one wants to be number of parliament
 Not democratic way kings way

16

Impeachment

 1378 A.D.
 Parliament way anti-king decide if guilty
 Didn’t want to push like oxford
 Attacking leading ministers not personally
 House of law acted like a jury

17

Holy Royal Empire

 England National Monarchy gets stronger
 France Monarchy dies out

18

Organization of economy medieval

 Produce what’s consume
 Consume what you produce
 Little trading
 Paid taxes with labor work
 No money
 Kings Vassals labor services= knight service
• Reemergence of money takes 100 years

19

Toledo

 City in spain
 Had been Muslim 100s years
 1085 A.D. Christian captured
 Half Muslim and Christian
 Muslims knew a lot about weaponry
 Wealthy Christian knight go to Toledo for the best weaponry
 Toledo selling on market to buy food
 Specializing

20

Gascony

 South France
 Bodar center of wine Trade
 Each year huge amounts of wine exported
 Exported to west Europe
 Profits wine trade= huge!
 Specializing

21

Florence

 North Italy
 Fine Cloth, cotton, wool, silk
 Can afford you go buy from Florence
 Became rich on this market
 Expanding to others over time

22

Flanders

 Centers in North
 Textile not as fine as Florence
 But good quality
 England had tons of Sheep but didn’t have expertise to make wool into cloth
 Sent tons of wool to Flanders
Other areas of Europe specializing in other trades also

23

Reintroduction of gold coinage

 Florence= 1258
 Florin
 Tipping point in expansion of trade

24

1409

 Bank of Ginoa
 Wrote cheques to pay to people
 Instead of lugging round coinage
 Developing demanded the development of banks

25

Bourgeois

 Middle class emerges
 Lombard league= 12th century
 want peace and quiet
 be able to count on goods they need
 North Italy cities come together
 Form Lombard league

26

Hansa

 North of Europe
 Like Lombard league
 Hansa= union german
 Middle class people
 Traders
 Common interests and mind sets

27

Usury

 Taking any interest  money wise
 Taking a loan is considered sinful by the church
 Charles magna made it illegal
 Could borrow money in disguise
 Rich merchants desperate for credit

28

 Muslims

- Prohibit no interest on a loan
- Hard to get a mortgage
- Still to this day