Feudalsim Onwards Flashcards Preview

Hist 1350 > Feudalsim Onwards > Flashcards

Flashcards in Feudalsim Onwards Deck (29):
1

Free Peasants

 In theory, ability to move manor
 Wanted free peasant status

2

Unfree Peasants

 Serfs, villens
 Lower people, bottom of pyramid
 NOT SLAVES
 Christian worldeverybody has a soul,  slaves aren’t human
 Had rights
 Many claimed to be free
 Each manor had a customary way
 If lord broke it they could push it
 If they claimed, the 12 oldest peasants of a manor would have to tell the truth to questions
 Then they would ask many questions like modern day court

3

Merchet

 Unfree peasants
 “Can you remember this family paying merchet?” *any payment means you’re unfree*

4

Heriot

can you remember paying heriot?”
 When an unfree peasant dies, son wants his belongings (inheritance)
 He would have to pay heriot to the Lord

5

Corse grains

 Rye
 Wheat
 Barely

6

Manumission

 Help free the unfree

7

Feudalism

 Socio- political construct
 Reaction to society
 Hierarchy

8

Homage

 Ceremony of a man to be you would be leader
 Strong ability
 Would be followers would support
 Submission “prayer hand”

9

Oath of fealty

 Fealty= loyalty

10

Vassal

 Knelt before a superior and swore a double oath

11

Woodbe leader

 Preferred a certain kind of follower
 Knights (fight from horse back)
 1st = horses are expensive to buy and feed
 Several horses for a knight
 2nd = need armor which is expensive
 3rd = cost of training, fighting on horse isn’t easy
 Have to be trained in teen years
 Also need to be fully committed

12

Benefice

 Estate given for the benefit of followers

13

Tenure

 Transfer isn’t of ownership but use
 As long as he is loyal to A  lord usually
 If broken loyalty same with the tenure
 Generations are linked once first is loyal

14

Subinfeudation


A B1
| /\ |
A2 B2

 A1 allows B1 to hold an estate
 Holds 15 manors
 Gets himself a follower
 B1  C1 are loyal now
 While B1 is still loyal to A1

15

Lords job

 Protect B
 Physical protection
 Running a court
 A has to hold a formal court
 To fix any complaints
 And also establish a jury is fines are required

16

Tenure

 Binds two together
 Different kinds

17

1st- knight service

 Lord have a knight to his service
 Do whatever the lord wants
 Consisted having the vassal turned out for 40 days
 Fight for the lord
 Had to prepare to fight for 40 days usual contract

18

2nd – Socage

 Sweep up category
 Give land but not technically yours (holding)
 Don’t own it
 Lawyers organize systems

19

Scutage

 Pay money to lord when told to fight and either to old/don’t want too
 use money to buy a younger solider

20

Relief

 taking over family inheritance

21

Wardship

 father dies and leaves a young child
 lord makes the child his ward
 lord protects the child
 once 17-19 the then child goes to the lord and says he reached adult
 goes and says I want my wardship taken away
 lord says ok just have to pay relief

22

The Church

 single demission
 mostly catholic
 pagan dying out
 becomes state religion
 Pushing majority
 Pagan areas  into Christianity
 Scattered pockets of jews
 Small amount of Muslim
 A lot of Roman Catholic
 Very powerful
 Biggest group you’ll ever be a part is a church group
 Routed in religion
|
 Sunday mass
 Only thing they’ll see is religious nature
 Paint/stain glass  religious themed

23

Church and Arts

 Theater began late medieval by little religious groups
 Act out saints in little parades
 If read/write  priest or monks
 Medieval university  connected to todays
 University controlled by church

24

The Church consisted of…

 Parish and priest
 Priests were usually unworthy of their role
 Not all were literate
 No training to for priesthood
 Learnt on the job
 Usually had apprentices
 Marriage, funeral and baptisms payment to the priest is required
 Church names were based off of saint whether they were local saints or random

25

Tithe

 = a tenth
 Every tenth of a Christians income of the parish they tend goes to their parish
 They imposed this on their subjects
 Best network in medieval period
 Input was only religion

26

Network

 Parishes were grouped together
 Each area was given a bishop
 Parish priest reports to the bishop
 Bishops report to an Arch Bishop
 Arch Bishop report to the Roman Bishop= Pope
 Bishops are also unworthy
 Usually brother/relative of Arch Bishop
 Most couldn’t read/speak Latin

27

Bishopric

 Hundreds of parishes
 Also known as a SEE or Diocese

28

Truce of God

 Late 10th century
 By church
 South of France
 Try and limit fighting
 Certain days were declared “HOLY”= no fighting
 Sundays and Lent = lords day
 Slowly broaden certain categories
 Taking a religious lead

29

Peace of God

 Identify people you can’t attack
 Children, women, monks, priest= cannot defend themselves
 Church is taking lead