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Flashcards in California Review Deck (72):
1

who planted the first vines in california and when did it take place

franciscan missionaries planted the first vine in california at the end of the 18th century

2

what mid 19th century event propelled the growth of the california wine industry

the cold rush of 1849 and subsequent relocation to california by many immigrant families

3

who is considered to be the father of the california viticulture

agoston haraszthy

4

when did an outbreak of phylloxera first kill many of california vineyards

in the 1870s

5

when was the second large outbreak of phylloxera in california

in the 1980s

6

when did prohibition go into effect and when was it replaced

prohibition went into effect on january 16 1920 and was repealed by the states ratification of the 21s amendment on december 5 1933

7

in the context of american prohibition of the 19th century explain the concept of a tied house

a tied house refers to a beverage alcohol outlet typically a saloon that was tied to one brewery and obliged to sell just the products of that manufacturer. prior to prohibition the led to marketing practices like the free lunch which led to intemperance. with the repeal of prohibition tied house legislation was passed preventing vertical integration of ownership in the beverage alcohol business. thus the three tiered system of distribution was born

8

how did some wineries stay in business during prohibition

some wineries stayed in business by making sacramental wine and growing grapes for home winemaking

9

what largely contributed to the rapid expansion of the wine industry during the 1970s

the rapid expansion of the californian fine wine scene occurred as the post world war 2 baby boom generation reached maturity and affluence while their tates shifted away from the cocktails and sweet wines of their parents generation

10

what was the impact of the judgement of paris tasting in 1976

the judgement of paris tasting paired california cabernets and chardonnays with top growth bordeaux and burgundy wines. the California wines won catapulting California wines onto the world sage by illustrating that exceptional wines could come from somewhere other than traditionally sacrosanct french terroir

11

what organization was the stimulus for the neo prohibitionist movement of the 1980

MADD
mothers against drunk driving

12

what is the french paradox

the french paradox was the theme of a 1991 60 minutes bradcast that investigated the puzzle of why french people who ate fattier food than americans and exercised less, had lower rates of coronary disease. two doctors interviewed on the show concluded that moderate consumption of alcohol protects against coronary heart desease

13

what wine industry trend was prevalent during the decade that followed the airing of the french paradox broadcast

more people began to drink wine particularly red wine and there was also a trend of drinking less but drinking better

14

what is the distinction between an american appellation and an american viticultural area

an american appellation is a politically defined growing area such as a state or county.
american viticultural area is a geographically defined growing area. viticultural areas are to appellations like grapes are to fruit. viticultural are one king of appellation but not all appellations are viticultural areas

15

what us governmental agency rules over all beverage alcohol regulations?

the tax and trade bureau ttb of the us department of the treasury regulates the beverage alcohol industry

16

how is the american system of avas and appellations different from its european union counterpart system

the european system of appellations regulates many things, such as the permitted grape varieties, yields alcohol level and viticultural and nonfiction practices.
such regulations do not exist in the US. an Ava or appellation simply tells the consumer where the grapes used to make the wine are from

17

to us an american appellation on a wine label what percent of the grapes must come from that area

to use an american appellation on a wine label 75% of the grapes must come from the stated appellation

18

to use an ava on a wine what percent of the grapes must come from that area?

to use an ava on a wine label 85% of the grapes most come from the stated ava

19

how do the label laws concerning avas and appellation differ in the state of oregon?

oregon wine must contain 90% of the stated variety except for cabernet sauvignon (75%) because it is traditionally blended with merlot and cabernet franc. oregon also prohibits all european place names i.e. labels cant read chablis....

20

with respect to the vintage on an american wine label what percent of the grapes must come from the stated vintage if the label states an appellation? an ava?

if an american wine label carries an appellation then 85% of the grapes must be from the stated vintage but if the label lists an ava then 95% of the grapes must be from the stated vintage

21

when used on a label of america wine what does the term estate bottled mean

an american wine can be labeled as estate botteled if the winery is located in the stated viticultural area, grew all the grapes on land owned or controlled within the ava, and if the wine was completed made and bottled at the winery

22

what is a meritage wine?

a meritage wine is a wine made in the classic bordeaux style. it uses the classic bordeaux varieties and is one of the two most expensive wines produced by a winery

23

what grape varieties are permitted for a red meritage wine

a red meriage wine made be made from two or more of the following varieties with no one grape accounting for more tha n 90%
cabernet
Merlot
cab franc
malvec
petit verdit
st macaire
gros verdot
carmenere

24

what grape varieties are permitted for a white meritage wine

sb
semillion
muscadelle

25

the north coast ava is comprised of what california counties?

the north coast ava encompasses
napa
sonoma
mendocino
lake
solano
marin

26

what are the three dominant counties of the central coast?

the three dominant counties of the central coast are
central coast
monterey
san luis obispo
santa barbara

27

who is credited with planting the first vines in napa valley

george yount is credited with planting the first vines in teh napa valley in 1938

28

what mountains separate napa from sonoma counties?

the mayacamas mountains separate napa from sonoma

29

why does the boundary of the howell mountain ava follow the 1400 foot contour line

the demarcation of the howell mountain ava above 1400 foot contour line was chosen because it is the height limit of the fog that blankets the valley below

30

explain the source of the name for the diamond mountain district ava

diamond mountain name comes from its soil that consists of volcanic glass crystals that appear like diamonds

31

how are the vineyards atop mount veeder affected by hte inversion layer

the vineyards atop mount veeder are above the inversion layer so they have warmer nights than the vineyards on the valley floor that are typically blanketed by fog

32

what town serves as the agricultural business and banking center for the wine industry in napa valley

st helena serves as the agricultural business and banking center for the wine industry of napa valley

33

how did andre thelistcheff become a wine industry icon?

andre tchelistcheff became an industry icon by leading Rutherford and Napa valleys wine industry through its period of reconstruction 1938-1965 an era of rebirth 1965-1980 and ultimately the age of its refinement 1990s

34

the oakville ava is credited with producing top notch wines primarily from what varietal

the oakville ava is credited with producing top notch wines primarily from the cab

35

what famous vineyard is in the heart of oakville

the to kalon vineyard

36

what distinguishes the oak knoll district from other napa valley acas?

oak knolls cooler climate is what distingueishes it from other napa valley acas. it is one of the rare places in the napa valley that is warm enough to ripen cabernet and merlot without being too warm for chardonnay and PN

37

when were the first grape vines planted at the mission san franvisco solano in Sonoma

the first grape vines were planted at the mission san francisco solano in sonoma in 1824

38

approximately how many acres of vines are planted in napa and Sonoma counties and how does that compare to the central valley

three are approximately 45,000 acres of vine planted in napa and 60,000 in sonoma. the total of 105 acres is about half the size of vineyard planted in the central valley

39

what grape variety is the dry creek valley known for

zinfandel

40

which Sonoma county ava is considered the warmest

knights valley

41

what two varieties one red and one white is the russian river renowned for?

PN and Chard

42

what is an alternate name for Sonoma valley

the valley of the moon

43

describe the Mendocino ridge ava

composed of many non contiguous mountain peaks above the 1200 foot elevation line with is above fog level

44

what are the primary grape varieties of anderson valley

the planted acreage in the anderson valley consists primarily of
PN
Chard
Gewürztraminer
Riesling

45

what are the avas of lake county

clear lake
red hills lake
cuenoc valley
high valley

46

what east to west valley spans both contra costa and alameda counties

livermore valley

47

what are the avas of Monterey county

Monterey
arroyo seco
hames valley
san Bernabe
san lucas
santa lucia highlands
carmel valley
chalone
san antonio valley
also part of the central coast ava

48

what river courses its way through monterey wine county

Salinas river

49

which monterey ava is located high up in the Gavilan mountains

chalone

50

Paso Robles is located in which central coast county

san luis obispo county

51

what are the current avas of santa barbara county

Santa Maria
Santa Ynez
Santa Rita hills

52

what grape varieties is the santa maria valley noted for growing

Chard
PN
Syrah

53

what originally brought wine making to the sierra foothills

the Gold Rush of 1849

54

what is the dominate grape of the sierra foothills

Zin

55

what ava in the sacramento and san Joaquin river delta has been a major wine growing region since the 1850s

Lodi

56

Mcdoweell valley ava is in what country

Mendocino

57

Guenoc Valley ava is in what country

Lake County

58

Sta Rita Hills ava is in what country

Santa Barbara

59

Alexander Valley ava is in what country

Sonoma Country

60

anderson valley ava is in what country

Mendocino Country

61

st helena ava is in what country

napa

62

russian river ava is in what country

Sonoma

63

Santa Maria ava is in what country

Santa Barbara

64

Arroyo Seco ava is in what country

Monterey

65

Rutherford ava is in what country

Napa

66

Knights Valley ava is in what country

Sonoma

67

Mcdowell Valley ava is in what country

Mendocino

68

Clear Lake ava is in what country

Lake

69

Mt Veeder ava is in what country

napa

70

Dry Creek ava is in what country

Sonoma

71

Santa Lucia Highlands ava is in what country

monterey

72

Stages leap ava is in what country

Napa