Viticulture and Grapes Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Viticulture and Grapes Review Deck (73):
1

what is the science and practice of grape growing called

viticulture

2

t or f
the best quality grapes are grown in areas where there is a relatively short and hot ripening period

f

3

t or f
vines thrive between 50 - 90 degrees

t

4

t or f
some viticulturists regard a microclimate as the climate surrounding one vine

t

5

what is the name of the system developed in california that delineates certain growing regions based on the average temperature during the growing season

the heat summation system or winklers HSS

6

how many regions does it delineate

5

7

which region is the coolest give an example

region 1 is coolest
carneros
carmel valley
santa ynez
santa maria
enda valley
russian river

8

is region V suitable for growing fine wine grapes

no

9

when is frost most problematic

in the springtime

10

what methods do vineyard managers employ to eliminate frost

wind machines
heaters
oil burners
aspersion

11

what causes coulure

bad weather, particularly cold weather at flowering time

12

is rain at harvest time beneficial

no its undesirable

13

explain teh concept of terroir

terroir is an enological term that describes an area where the soil climate and particular grape variety are expectionally well suited

14

whats the scientific name for the wine vine

vitis vinifera

15

what is phylloxera

a bug more specifically an aphid

16

when did phylloxera ravage europe

around 1860 the late 1800s

17

how does phylloxera destroy a vine

destroys a vine by eating away its underground root structure

18

are there any wine growing regions in the world that have not been affected by phylloxera

yes chile parts of australia and new zealand

19

t or f
the grapes in southern hemisphere are harvested at the same time as the northern hemisphere

f the southern hemisphere cycle has 6 months difference the grapes would be harvested in late spring

20

in what season does pruning take place in the northern hemisphere

pruning takes place in the winter

21

name three classic varieties of red wines

cabernet sauvignon
merlot
pinot noir
syrah

22

Name three classic varieties of white wines

chard
sb
chenin blanc
riesling
semillon

23

t or f
vitis labrusca is the most common species of vine

f

24

name the crossing of pinot noir and cinsault

Pinotage

25

where is the crossing of pinot noir and cinsault grown

south africa

26

give an example of a clone

brunello di montalcino
gammy

27

what are the types of pruning

cane pruning
spur pruning
head training

28

when do the vines buds begin to break

flowering can start in may but usually takes place in june and is completed by july

29

explain veraison

verasion if the ripening period for grapes when the berries change from the small hard green stage to their swelled softened and colored form

30

when does veraison occur

veraison usually occurs in early august in the northern hemisphere with regional variations

31

what is transpiration of a grapevine

transpiration is the evaporation of water from a vine which cools the leaves and provides the force for lifting swelled softened and colored form

32

what is a hybrid

a hybrid is a crossing of two varieties from different species

33

between a maritime and a continental climate which has a narrower range of temperature fluctuations

a maritime climate has a narrower range of temperature fluctuations

34

what are the three layers of the earhs soil

soil
subsoil
bedrock

35

what are the 3 major nutrients needed by vines

the major nutrients needed by vines are nitrogen phosphorous and potassium

36

what is botrytis cinerea

botrytis cinera is a fungal disease that can adversely affect a vine diminishing its yield and quality, if it attacks almost ripe grapes during humid weather. it can also favorably affect vines when the weather conditions are right to produce highly rated sweet wines

37

t or f
botrytis cinerea is teh fungus responsible for great wines like sauternes and trockenbeerenauslese

t

38

what type of disease is pierces disease

Pierce disease is a bacterial disease spread by hte glassy winged sharpshooter that clogs the vascular system of the vine there is no known cure

39

what is biodynamic viticulture

biodynamics is a method of agriculture that avoids the use of chemicals and seeks to actively work with the health giving forces of nature

40

what is an organic wine

organic wines are those produced from certified organic vineyards and made with only naturally occurring materials including fertilizers pesticides and processing agents

41

are there any commercial produced wines that do not have sulfites

nono

42

t or f
integrated pest management utilizes pesticides as a means of combating insects in the vineyard

t

43

what is responsible for the majority of crop loss in a vineyard

birds

44

what are some methods used to prevent frost damage

wind machines
heaters
oil burners
aspersion
sprinkling water over the vines

45

Grape variety with its classic region
pinotage

south africa

46

Grape variety with its classic region
Cabernet Sauvignon

bordeaux left bank

47

Grape variety with its classic region
sangiovese

toscana chianti

48

Grape variety with its classic region
sangiovese grosso

toscana montalcino

49

Grape variety with its classic region
nebbiolo

piemonte

50

Grape variety with its classic region
dolcetto

piemonte

51

Grape variety with its classic region
mourvedre

rhone valley

52

Grape variety with its classic region
barbera

piemonte

53

Grape variety with its classic region
touriga nacional

portugal douro valley

54

Grape variety with its classic region
merlot

bordeaux right bank

55

Grape variety with its classic region
cinsault

rhone valley

56

Grape variety with its classic region
zinfandel

california

57

Grape variety with its classic region
pinot noir

burgundy and champagne

58

Grape variety with its classic region
muscadet

loire valley

59

Grape variety with its classic region
syrah

rhone valley

60

Grape variety with its classic region
grenache

rhone valley

61

Grape variety with its classic region
chardonnay

burgundy and champagne

62

Grape variety with its classic region
moscato

piemonte

63

Grape variety with its classic region
riesling

germany

64

Grape variety with its classic region
gewürztraminer

alsace

65

Grape variety with its classic region
mocabeo

penedes cava

66

Grape variety with its classic region
albarino

galicia

67

Grape variety with its classic region
pinot blanc

alsace

68

Grape variety with its classic region
pinot gris

alsace

69

Grape variety with its classic region
palomino

Jerez

70

Grape variety with its classic region
viognier

condrieu

71

Grape variety with its classic region
chenin blanc

loire valley

72

Grape variety with its classic region
semillon

bordeaux sauternes

73

Grape variety with its classic region
Sauvignon blanc

loire valley sancerre pouilly fume