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Flashcards in France Review Deck (48):
1

Highest to lowest what are the quality levels, four appellations levels of french wines

aoc or ac meaning appellation d origine controlee vdqs
superieur
vin de pays
vin de table

2

name six factors that the appellation d origine controlee regulate

grape variety
viticultural practices
area of production
vinification methods
yields
alcohol levels

3

when were the aoc laws first instituted

in the mid 1930s specifically in 1935

4

what does vin de pays mean

country wine or wine of the country

5

is a vdqs wine from france rated higher or lower than a vins de pays

higher

6

approximately what percentage of all grapes grown in france qualifies to be aoc wines?

46%

7

define terroir

terroir is the concept that certain vineyard locations, because of many factors including the soil aspect slope, exposure to sun and climate are disposed towards producing exceptional wines of a particular variety. in short it is the happy marriage between soil climate and grape variety

8

what is another name for the melon de bourgongne varity

Muscadet

9

what is the principal grape of the touranine region of the loire calley thats used to make vouvray

Chenin Blanc

10

name two white wines from the loire valley made with the SB grape

Sancerre and pouilly fume

11

which region of france is home to these varieties
riesling
gewurztraminer
sylaner

alsace

12

name three other white varieties from alsace

pg
pinot blanc
muscat d alsace

13

t or f
with respect to alstian wines the term vendanges tardives means estate bottled

f it means late harvest

14

t or f
alsatian wines labeled as selection des grains nobles are affected by novle rot and are made in a style similar to sauternes

t

15

what grape is used to make chablis

Chardonnay

16

t or f
the soil of chablis is predominately chalk and clay

t

17

what are the four levels of chablis

?

18

why is part of burgundy called the cote d or

because it faces the east teh orient some say it is because the slpe looks golden in autumn

19

what are teh two parts of the cote d or?

cote de nuits and cote de beaune

20

of the two parts which is home to the famous white burgundies like montrachet and meursault

cote de beaune

21

other than beaujolais red wines from burgundy are made from what grape

PN

22

pouilly fuisse comes from what district of burgundy

The Maconnais

23

a less expensive alternative to pouilly fuisse is?

st veran which is the village right next to pouilly fuisse

24

macan villages is made from what grape

chardonnay

25

beaujolais is made from what grape

gamay

26

name three cru beaujolais

Moulin a vent
st amour
chiroubles
julienas
brouilly
cote de brouilly
morgon
fleurie
regnie
chenas

27

describe carbonic maceration

is a whole or partial berry fermentation that takes place in whith the absence of oxygen producing a low alcohol wine with fresh grapey flavors

28

what is the major red grape of the northern rhone valley

syrah

29

t or f
chateauneuf du pape is located in the southern rhone valley

t

30

what is the gironde

is the estuary of the dordogne and garonne rivers that flow into the atlantic in bordeaux

31

name the two major rivers that flow through the bordeaux region

dordogne and garonne

32

which of those rivers pass by the town of libourne

Dordogne

33

which of the following appellation constitute the right bank of bordeaux
a. st estephe, pauillac, st julien, listrac, moulis and margaux
b pessac-leognan, graves, barsac and sauternes
c. fronsac, pomerol, st emilion, and cotes de castillon
d. ste croix du mont, loupiac, cadillac, premières cotes de bordeaux

c. fronsac, pomerol, st emilion, and cotes de castillon

34

t or f
the red wines of the left bank are based primarily on cabernet sauvignon while the right bank red wines are based mostly on merlot

t

35

what are the principal grape varieties of bordeaux

red: cab, merlot, cab franc, petit verdit, and malbec
white: semillon, sb, and muscadelle

36

the city of bordeaux is on the banks of what river

garonne

37

the city of bordeaux is most closely located to this wine appellation
A. margaux
B. st emilion
c. entre deux mers
d. pessac leognan

D

38

explain noble rot

also known as botrytis cinera is a fungus developed by humid conditions in the mornings followed by warm sunny afternoons. the mold feeds on the water in teh grapes leaving shriveled berries with extremely high concentrations of sugar

39

the climate of bordeaux is essentially
a. maritime
b continental
c. mediterranean

a

40

tell when the great classification of the chateaux of bordeaux occurred how it came about and what has happened to the system since its inception

the classification of the chateaux of bordeaux occurred at the paris exposition of 1855

41

name the first growths of bordeaux and their appellations

Ch Lafite rothschild pauillac
ch mouton rothschild pauillac
ch latour pauillac
ch haut brion graves now pessac leognan
ch margaux margaux

42

does such a classification exist for the wines of pomerol

no

43

what are the top classifications of wines from st emilion

premiers grands ru classes a and b and grand cru classes

44

what is a key difference in the classification of the wines of the medoc compared to the system of classification for the wines of st emilion

the system for classification of the wines of st emilion was designed to be updated every ten years to account for changes in wine quality and vineyard holdings. the classification of the wines of the medoc does not allow for this

45

name the top two wines of st emilion

cateau ausone and chateau chebal blanc

46

t or f
all wine that carries a graves appellation is white

f

47

in 1855 the sweet white wines of bordeaux were also classified chateau d yquem is the only wine as premiers grands cru. what are teh next two levels of classification for the wines of sauternes are barsac

simply premier crus and then deuxieme crus first and second growths

48

t or f
all wines that carry the medoc appellation are red wines

t