Flashcards in Cardiac and resp Deck (20):
Total cholesterol values
Beta blockers ends in:
lol. Ex: Metoprolol
Ace inhibitors end in:
pril. Ex: Lisinopril
Calcium channel blockers end in:
pine. Ex: Amlodipine
Angiotensin II receptor antagonists ends in:
tan. Ex: Losartan
insufficient coronary blood flow, resulting in a decreased oxygen supply when there is increased myocardial demand for oxygen in response to physical exertion or emotional stress. In other words, the need for oxygen exceeds the supply
predictable and consistent pain that occurs on exertion and is relieved by rest and/or nitroglycerin.
(also called preinfarction angina or crescendo angina): symptoms increase in frequency and severity; may not be relieved with rest or nitroglycerin.
Acute coronary syndrome (or acute myocardial infraction)
Emergent situation characterized by an acute onset of myocardial ischemia that results in myocardial death.
MONA stands for morphine, oxygen, nitroglycerin and aspirin. Acronym used to help medical professionals remember the initial treatment for acute coronary syndrome
Myocardial cells that become necrotic from prolonged ischemia or trauma release specific enzymes. CK MM: muscles. CK MB: heart muscle. CK BB: brain. THe increase within few hours and it peaks at 24hr after infarct.
fourth intercostal space, right sternal border
fourth intercostal space, left sternal border
diagonal between V2 and V4
fifth intercostal space, left midclavicular line
fifth intercostal space, anterior axillary line