Cardiac and resp Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cardiac and resp Deck (20):
1

HDL values

Males>40mg. Females>50mg

2

LDL values

All

3

Total cholesterol values

All

4

Triglycerides

All

5

Beta blockers ends in:

lol. Ex: Metoprolol

6

Ace inhibitors end in:

pril. Ex: Lisinopril

7

Calcium channel blockers end in:

pine. Ex: Amlodipine

8

Angiotensin II receptor antagonists ends in:

tan. Ex: Losartan

9

Angina

insufficient coronary blood flow, resulting in a decreased oxygen supply when there is increased myocardial demand for oxygen in response to physical exertion or emotional stress. In other words, the need for oxygen exceeds the supply

10

Stable angina

predictable and consistent pain that occurs on exertion and is relieved by rest and/or nitroglycerin.

11

Unstable angina

(also called preinfarction angina or crescendo angina): symptoms increase in frequency and severity; may not be relieved with rest or nitroglycerin.

12

Acute coronary syndrome (or acute myocardial infraction)

Emergent situation characterized by an acute onset of myocardial ischemia that results in myocardial death.

13

MONA

MONA stands for morphine, oxygen, nitroglycerin and aspirin. Acronym used to help medical professionals remember the initial treatment for acute coronary syndrome

14

Creatine Kinase

Myocardial cells that become necrotic from prolonged ischemia or trauma release specific enzymes. CK MM: muscles. CK MB: heart muscle. CK BB: brain. THe increase within few hours and it peaks at 24hr after infarct.

15

V1 placement

fourth intercostal space, right sternal border

16

V2 placement

fourth intercostal space, left sternal border

17

V3 placement

diagonal between V2 and V4

18

V4 placement

fifth intercostal space, left midclavicular line

19

V5 placement

fifth intercostal space, anterior axillary line

20

V6 placement

fifth intercostal space, midaxillary line