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Hugh's MD2 Foundation > Cardio Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardio Exam Deck (16):
1

What is pulsus alternans?

Alternate strong and weak beats in radial pulse

2

What is orthopnoea?

SOB on lying

3

What does radial radial delay indicate?

Dissecting aortic aneurysm

4

What does holosystolic mean?

Throughout systole

AKA Pansystolic

5

What are splinter haemoorhages? What do they indicate?

Linear haemorrhages in nail bed that lie parallel to the long axis of the nail

Usually trauma, infective endocarditis can cause it

6

What might you do to examine for an aortic dissection?

The BP isn't the same of both arms

7

What is Xanthelasma?

 A sharply demarcated yellowish deposit of fat underneath the skin, usually on or around the eyelids

 

Sign of some types hyperlipidaemia

8

Mechanistically, why does orthopnoea occur?

Blood flows into the central circulation causing increase pulmonary capillary pressure

9

What might a loud S2 indicate?

PE

10

What is PND?

Paroxysmal noctural dyspnoea - SOB and coughing that occurs at night

11

What are Korotkoff sounds?

The sound of turbulent blood flow when taking a manual blood pressure

12

A loud P2 is indicative of what?

Pulmonary hypertension

13

How does the carotid pulse vary in aortic stenosis vs aortic regurgitation?

AS - slow rise, low volume

AR - collapsing, high volume

14

What is Schamroth's sign?

Loss of diamond-shaped space that is formed when the nails of two similar fingers are held facing each other

- Indicative of clubbing

15

What is the name of the scar produced from a CABG?

Medial stenotomy 

16

What are Janeway lesions?

Non-tender erythematous, maculopapular lesions containing bacteria

Occur very rarely on palms or pulps of fingers in patients with infective endocarditis