Case Study : Odisha Coastline Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Case Study : Odisha Coastline Deck (21)
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1

Where is the Odisha coast?

North East India
The bay of Bengal

2

how long is the odisha coastline?

480km

3

where does most of the population of the state live?

on the level coastal strip - the Odisha Coastal plains

4

what are some characteristics of the Odisha coast?

a deposition coast
includes several major deltas
a significant sedimentary store

5

What is Chilika Lake?

a salty lagoon that is home to 150 species of birds
it is a huge tourist attraction

6

what is a large employment sector?

coastal fishing and aquaculture

7

what valuable minerals are found along the coast?

clay and lime stone

8

what energy sources give opportunity for development ?

offshore oil and natural gas
the area has a huge potential for offshore wind, tidal and wave power

9

what is the large mangrove called?

Bhitarkanita

10

what are some risks for human occupation and developmetn

flooding, erosion, rising sea levels, destructive waves, storm surges and tropical cyclones

11

facts about the Odisha Cyclone

1999
killed over 1000 people
strongest ever recorded in the northern Indian Ocean

12

facts about Cyclone Phailin

2013
resulted in the loss of 500k hectares of agricultural land
Chilika Lake suffered from a storm surge that destroyed thousands and mangrove trees

13

why is the indian government increasingly concerned about the vulnerability of coastal communities>

high risk of storm surges and tsunami
longer term threats such as climate change and rising sea levels

14

how much of the coastline was found to be stable by the 2011 Shoreline Change Assessment?

14.4%

15

what was developed in response to the 2011 Shoreline Change Assessment?

an ICZM project to coordinate the activities of various stakeholders and to promote the sustainable use of the coasts natural resources

16

what are the main stake holders of the Odisha coast?

national government departments, state and local govt departments as well as the states tourist department and local handicraft industries

17

what global common supports the ICZM venture?

World Bank

18

what are the aims of the Odisha ICZM?

establish sustainable levels of economic and social activity inc fishing and ecotourism
resolve environmental, social and economic challenges and conflicts
protect the coastal environment

19

which NGO is working with the Indian government to reverse decades of mangrove destruction of the Mahanadi Delta?

Wetlands International

20

why is planting mangroves a good mitigation strategy?

they provide habitats for wildlife
provide a protective belt that shelter villages form the worst effects of tropical storms
off put erosion of the coastline

21

how have local people shown resilience in Odisha?

building cyclone shelters to offer greater protection