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Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy > Cat 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cat 2 Deck (84):
1

largest salivary gland almost directly ventral to the ear

Parotid gland

2

thick whitish stand passing over master muscle extending toward upper lip

parotid duct

3

salivary gland just posterior to ventral portion of parotid gland

mandibular gland

4

emerges from anteroventral portion of gland over sublingual gland

mandibular duct

5

posterior end of this gland meets mandibular gland and can be confused for the mandibular gland

sublingual gland

6

nerve branches crossing over masseter

branches of facial nerve

7

deep to linguofacial vein, appear as glands lacking lobules

lymph nodes

8

vertical median flap attaching tongue to oral cavity floor

lingual frenulum

9

paired, in palatine fossae

palatine tonsil

10

passage common to both digestive and respiratory systems

pharynx

11

divides pharynx into dorsal and ventral portions, posterior extension of hard palate

soft palate

12

guards opening to larynx

epiglottis

13

opening to larynx

glottis

14

chamber at anterior end of trachea

larynx

15

posterior folds of tissue on larynx

vocal cord

16

windpipe

trachea

17

c-shaped dorsally incomplete cartilages that keep the trachea open

tracheal cartilage

18

muscular tube of digestive system that extends laryngopharynx to digestive system

esophagus

19

serosa lining inside of parietal cavity

Parietal pleura

20

serosa enveloping lungs

visceral pleura

21

space between double layer of septum separating left/right pleura

mediastinum

22

large vessel anterior to heart

anterior vena cava

23

large vessel posterior to heart

posterior vena cava

24

nerve extending along lateral surface of trachea

vagus nerve

25

nerve extending anteroposteriorly from mediastinal wall just ventral to root of lung

phrenic nerve

26

bifurcation of trachea at 6th rib

primary bronchus

27

membranous layer covering areas of pericardial cavity

Pericardium

28

cavity for heart

pericardial cavity

29

tough layer covering heart

visceral pericardium

30

lining of inner surface of heart cavity

parietal pericardium

31

large double layered fat laced mesentery covering intestines like an apron

omental bursa

32

light coloured median sac like organ resembling a collapsed balloon when empty

urinary bladder

33

ventral mesentery that separates liver into left and right halves, pulled taut when liver and diaphragm spread apart

falciform ligament

34

lobes of the liver

left/right lateral, medial, caudate, quadrate

35

greenish sac separating quadrate lobe of liver from right medial lobe

gall bladder

36

large light coloured organ partially exposed posterior to the left lateral lobe of the liver

stomach

37

long convex surface of the stomach

greater curvature

38

shorter convex surface of the stomach

lesser curvature

39

folds that line inner stomach walls

rugae

40

distally and toward the right the stomach constricts at this muscular valve

pyloric sphincter

41

large dark organ to the left of the stomach

spleen

42

mesentery extending from the lesser curvature of the stomach and duodenum to the liver

lesser omentum

43

divisions of lesser omentum

hepatogastric ligament and hepatoduodenal ligment

44

passes through lesser omentum, confluence of cystic and hepatic ducts

common bile duct

45

fills nearly all abdominopelvic cavity posterior to the stomach and liver

small intestine

46

divisions of small intestine

duodenum jejunum ileum

47

divisions of colon

cecum, ascending, descending, transverse

48

large oval swelling posterior to the the caudate lobe of the liver

kidney

49

small clumps in mesentery visible when small intestine spread apart

mesenteric lymph nodes

50

house the testis

scrotum

51

male gonads lie in scrotum

testes

52

thin flattened band of tissue on the dorsomedial part of the testes

epididymis

53

expansion of urethra within pelvic canal

prostate gland

54

lie in abdominal cavity just posterior to kidneys, female gonads

ovaries

55

most anterior portion of paired tubes that bring ova to uterus

uterine tube

56

posterior portion of tube connecting ovary and uterus

uterine horn

57

union of uterine horns extending posteriorly

body or uterus

58

posterior canal of uterus

vagina

59

arteries/veins on surface of heart

coronary artery and vein

60

leads from right ventricle and angled to the left

pulmonary trunk

61

extends anteriorly just dorsal to the pulmonary trunk and medial to the right auricle

aorta

62

aorta curves sharply to the right

aortic arch

63

aorta passing dorsal to the root of the left lung

thoracic aorta

64

division of pulmonary trunk that passes laterally to the left lung

pulmonary artery

65

blood from the lungs returns to the left atrium through the left and right

pulmonary vein

66

larger artery branching from the right side of the summit of the aortic arch

brachiocephalic artery

67

smaller artery branching from the left side of the summit of the aortic arch

left and right subclavian arteries

68

2/3 branches of the brachiocephalic artery as it extends anteriorly

left and right carotid arteries

69

anterior to the first rib, the first subclavian artery and vein pass from the thorax into the armpit as this artery and vein

axillary artery and vein

70

the axillary artery sends out branches mainly to pectoral musculature before it branches into these two large vessels

brachial artery (post) and sub scapular artery (ant)

71

the anterior vena cava is formed by the confluence of the

left and right brachiocephalic veins

72

this vein and the bijugular trunk merge into the brachiocephalic vein

subclavian vein

73

large vessels that unite just anterior to the first rib

bijugular trunk

74

pass medially along the neck and anteriorly along the lateroventral surface of the neck respectively

internal and external jugular veins

75

veins exposed after scraping away some of the liver just anterior to quadrate lobe

hepatic veins

76

posterior extension of thoracic aorta to the left of the posterior vena cava

abdominal aorta

77

branch of the abdominal aorta that diverges immediately posterior to the diaphragm

celiac artery

78

second branch of abdominal aorta (posterior to celiac artery)

anterior mesenteric artery

79

unpaired vessel arising from the ventral surface of the abdominal aorta at the pelvis

posterior mesenteric artery

80

veins that drain celiac and anterior/posterior mesenteric arteries ultimately form the

hepatic portal vein

81

posterior to renal arteries, branches of abdominal aorta/posterior vena cava - in females pass laterally to uterine horn, in males through abdominal wall into scrotum

internal spermatic/ovarian artery and vein

82

second v-shaped branchings of abdominal aorta, supplying blood to pelvic viscera/branching off of external iliac vein into common iliac vein and post vena cava

internal iliac artery and vein

83

confluence of external iliac veins

common iliac vein

84

medial, most posterior branch of abdominal aorta/median, most posterior branch of left external iliac vein

median sacral artery and vein