Pigeon 2 Flashcards Preview

Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy > Pigeon 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pigeon 2 Deck (24):
1

largest and most superficial flight muscle

Pectoralis

2

main elevator of wing, completely covered by pectoralis

supracoracoideus

3

sac-like specialization of esophagus

crop

4

covering most of viscera, allows continuous stream of air through the body

Air sacs

5

lies anteriorly on the midline

heart

6

tucked laterally to the heart, spongy in texture

lung

7

posterior to the heart, right lobe considerably larger than left

liver

8

tucked into the left lobe of the liver, muscular distal portion of stomach

gizzard

9

glandular, anterior part of stomach, deep to heart

proventriculus

10

digestive tube lies deep to heart

esophagus

11

respiratory tube lies deep to heart

trachea

12

posterior bifurcation of trachea

bronchi

13

sound producing organ a base of trachea

syrinx

14

long, highly coiled posterior to gizzard

small intestine

15

lies between ascending and descending portion of small intestine

pancreas

16

short, straight, posterior to small intestine

large intestine

17

marks division between small and large intestines

colic cecum

18

ovoid, dark organ just to the right of the distal end of the proventriculus

spleen

19

lies on dorsal wall of cavity, superficially divided into 3 lobes by passing vessels

kidney

20

wide tube that carries urine from kidneys to cloaca, emerging from anterior and middle lobes

ureter

21

bean shaped, lie on anterior lobes of kidneys

testis

22

carries semen from testes to cloaca, passes mostly on medial side of ureter

ductus deferens

23

lies on anterior end of left kidney, contains follicles

ovary

24

relatively straight tube that becomes large and convoluted, conducting ovum to cloaca, subdivided into glandular regions

oviduct