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Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy > Cat > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cat Deck (101):
1

large bone that makes up posterodorsal part of brain case

parietal

2

on either side of the skull, dorsal to the posterior teeth, house eyeballs

orbits

3

cranial wall posterior to each orbit

temporal fossa

4

vantral margin of orbit and fossa

zygomatic arch

5

opening and passageway to inner/middle ear

external auditory meatus

6

hole in posterior surface of the skull through which spinal cord connects to brain

foramen magnum

7

flat region between teeth on ventral side of skull

hard palate

8

two openings of nasal passage in live cat

choanae

9

paired oval and convex regions on posteroventral side of skull

tympanic bulla

10

most anterior paired bones of the skull, form dorsal margins of naris

nasal

11

posterior to nasals, contribute to lateral and dorsal surfaces of skull, most of orbital walls

frontal

12

projects ventrally from each frontal to demarcate posterior region of orbit

postorbital process

13

large bones forming most of the dorsal and lateral parts of the cranium

parietal

14

small bone wedged between posterior ends of parietals

interparietal

15

converging point of temporal lines on posterior of parietal/interparietal

sagittal crest

16

bone that froms skull's posterior surface

occipital

17

features of occipital bone that articulate with first vertebra

occipital condyles

18

on ventral cranium just posterior to tympanic bulla

jugular process

19

bones that form lateral and ventral margins of nasal aperture

premaxilla

20

larger bones that hold majority of teeth and form most of hard palate in ventral view

maxilla

21

snout, where maxilla, premaxilla, nasal, and frontal bones meet

rostrum

22

small bone on the anterior orbital wall

lacrimal

23

bones that complete the hard palate posteriorly

palatine

24

extension of palatine that extends posteriorly

pterygoid

25

elongated, median, narrow bone lying between pterygoid blades

presphenoid

26

lateral extension of pre sphenoid that is exposed in ventral orbital wall

orbitosphenoid

27

posterior end of the palatine bones in almost centre of ventral surface

basisphenoid

28

lateral, winglike portion of sphenoid

alisphenoid

29

most anterior foramen, lies entirely within orbitosphenoid

optic canal

30

second foramen formed by orbitosphenoid and alisphenoid

orbital fissure

31

third foramen, in alisphenoid

foramen rotundum

32

fourth foramen, in alisphenoid

foramen ovale

33

extends anteriorly from pre sphenoid in nasal cavity

vomer

34

foramina piercing cribriform plate

cribriform foramina

35

squamous, petrous, and tympanic fused together

temporal

36

large flat bones ventral to the parietals that help to complete the lateral wall of the braincase

squamosal

37

petrous portion of temporal, contains inner ear, may be seen through external auditory meatus

petrosal

38

tiny bones of middle ear

malleus, incus, stapes

39

single bone that forms each side of mandible

dentary

40

largest process of mandible, point of insertion for temporal muscle

coronoid process

41

forms lower half of temporomandibular joint, bears facet for articulation with mandibular fossa of temporal bone

condyloid process

42

projection of posteroventral part of the dentary

angular process

43

teeth of the dentary bone

incisor, canine, premolar, molar, carnassial

44

first vertebra

atlas

45

second vertebra

axis

46

first 7 vertebrae

cervical

47

13 vertebrae after cervical, characterized by articulation with ribs

thoracic

48

7 vertebrae after thoracic, characterized by large size that increases posteriorly

lumbar

49

three vertebrae that are fused together forming the sacrum, links spine to pelvic girdle

sacral

50

21-23 of the smallest vertebrae

caudal

51

opening on either side of each vertebra allowing passage of spinal nerve

intervertebral foramen

52

anteroventral portion of vertebra

centrum

53

hole through which spinal cord passes

neural canal

54

dorsal projection from each vertebra

neural process

55

projects a pedicle on either side of the centrum

transverse process

56

forms strong but flexible cage that protects vital organs

rib

57

prominent ridge on lateral side of scapula

scapular spine

58

ventral endpoint of scapular spine

acromion

59

posterior projection of scapular spine dorsal to acromion

metacromion

60

smooth concave surface at apex of scapula for articulation with humerus

glenoid fossa

61

larger smooth surface on lateral scapula

supraspinous fossa

62

smaller smooth surface on lateral scapula

infraspinous fossa

63

medial surface of scapula

subscapular fossa

64

small, slender nones suspended in musculature associated with forelimb, lying just anterior to proximal end of humerus

clavicle

65

proximal bone of the forelimb

humerus

66

shorter bone of forearm that widens distally

radius

67

longer bone of forearm that tapers distally

ulna

68

distal forelimb, carpus, metacarpus, and phalanges

manus

69

paired innominate bones that articulate with each other ventrally and with the sacrum dorsally

pelvis

70

bone of proximal part of hindlimb

femur

71

small tear shaped sesamoid bone

patella

72

slender, lateral, shorter bone of middle hindlimb

fibia

73

larger and medial bone of the middle segment of the hind limb

tibia

74

tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges

pes

75

brow and upper cheek, guarding eyes

palpebrae

76

third eyelid, lies on medial part of eye

nictitating membrane

77

external openings of nose

nares

78

region of skin surrounding nares

rhinarium

79

whiskers

vibrissae

80

proximal forelimb, humerus

brachium

81

medial forelimb, radius and ulna

antebrachium

82

medial hindlimb, fibia and tibia

crus

83

female opening of urinary and reproductive tracts

urogenital aperture

84

wide muscle that originates from the lateral region of the fascia and pass anteroventrally, pulls humerus postdorsally

latissimus dorsi

85

most posterior trapezius muscle, draws scapula posterodorsally

spinotrapezius

86

insertion at scapular spine toward mid dorsal line, pulls scapula toward mid dorsal line

acromiotrapezius

87

most anterior trapezius muscle, covers most of neck laterally and pulls scapula anterodorsally, inserts partially on clavicle and partially on clavobrachialis

clavotrapezius

88

anterior to clavotrapezius, extends from mastoid process of the skull, inserts on sternum

sternomastoid

89

small, anterior, to acromiotrapezius/spinodeltoid, flexor and lateral rotator of humerus

acromiodeltoid

90

lies dorsal to acromiodeltoid, passes deep into margin of clavotrapezius

levator scapulae ventralis

91

extends anterolaterally from scapular spine arising at insertion of acromiotrapezius

spinodeltoid

92

covers the brachium posteriorly and laterally and extend into spinodeltoid

long head/lateral head of triceps brachia

93

muscle underneath latissimus dorsi covering posteroventral side

external oblique

94

continuation of clavotrapezius for insertion at ulna

clavobrachialis

95

lies dorsal to pectoantebrachialis, extends laterally at the anterior portion and obliquely at the posterior portion where it extends anterolaterally from the midline

pectoralis major

96

lies dorsoposteriorly along pectoralis minor and attaches to xiphisternum and xiphoid cartilage

xiphihumeralis

97

the most superficial of the forelimb muscles in ventral view, partially covers pectoralis major

pectoantebrachialis

98

a thin muscle covering the surface of the brachium and extends it, lies ventrally to triceps brachii

epitrochlearis

99

posterior to xiphihumeralis, underneath the layer of external oblique

internal oblique

100

posterior to xiphihumeralis, underneath the layers of external oblique, internal oblique, and rectus abdominus, fibres run in opposite direction

transversus abdominus

101

posterior to xiphihumeralis, underneath the layers of external oblique and internal oblique

rectus abdominus