Catheter Associated Infections Flashcards Preview

Infectious Disease and Medical Microbiology > Catheter Associated Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Catheter Associated Infections Deck (6)
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What is phlebitis?

Induration or erythema, warmth, and pain or tenderness around catheter exit site

1

What is a tunnel infection?

Tenderness, erythema, and/or induration > 2 cm from catheter exit site, along the SQ tract of a catheter

2

What are sources of catheter related infections?

1. Operator
2. Skin flora
3. Contamination of catheter hub and lumen
4. Contamination of substance infused

3

What is the major source of CAI?

Skin flora

4

What are the risk factors for CAI?

1. Loss of skin integrity
2. Underlying disease
3. Thrombogenicity
4. # of catheter lumens
5. Lack of IV team
6. Duration of placement
7. Emergent line placement
8. Location of catheter
9. Nursing staff variables

5

When to suspect CAI

1. Local cellulitis
2. Bacteremia W/O a source
3. Sepsis W/O a source
4. Non-functioning catheter
5. +ve tip culture
6. Pus at insertion site
7. Rigors during use of catheter