Cell Organelles And Their Functions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cell Organelles And Their Functions Deck (14)
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1

43.
Cell organelles and their functions:
Cell walls

. Found in:
plants, prokaryotes

Maintains the shape of the cell and is a protective barrier

2

44.
Chloroplasts:

Plants, some Protists

Uses the energy from sunlight to form glucose. Photosynthesis

3

45.
Vacuole

All Eukaryotes

Membrane bound sac filled with food, water, etc

4

45.
Large central vacuole

Plants

Membrane bound sac helps maintain rigidity of the cell

5

Nucleus

All Eukaryotes

Contains DNA

6

Ribosomes

All cells

Builds proteins through translation

7

Mitochondria

All Eukaryotes

Coverts glucose into energy (ATP)
Cellular respiration

8

Cell membrane

All cells

Controls what moves in and out of the cell

9

Cytoplasm

All cells

Fluid in the cell

10

Golgi body


All Eukaryotes

Receives products from ER and sort and sends the products out

11

Lysosomes

All Eukaryotes

Membrane bound sac containing enzymes so large molecules can be broken down to be used

12

Rough endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

All Eukaryotes

Large folded membrane system covered in ribosomes. Helps to fold proteins

13

Smooth ER

All Eukaryotes

Large folded membrane system that puts lipids together

14

Microtubules and microfilaments

Long tubes that provide internal structure and allow for movement of the cell. An anchoring place for other organelles. Also important in cell division