Chapter 3- Final Exam Study Guide Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3- Final Exam Study Guide Deck (31)
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1

1.
There are two characteristics about the kingdom Animalia that define the kingdom as different from the others. What are they?

-digest food outside themselves
-locomotion
- cellular respiration

2

2.
What are the 4 characteristics about the kingdom Animalia that define the kingdom as different from the others. What are they?

NOTS
- number of tissue layers
- origin of the mouth
-type of body cavity
-Symmetry

3

3.
Compare deuterostomes and protostomes

Deuterostomes (2nd mouth) -
Mouth is formed after the anus during embryonic
Phyla enchodermata (sea stars) & chordata (humans)

Protostomes (1st mouth) -
Mouth forms before the anus
Phyla and mallusca (clams) , orthopedist (flies) and all other animal phyla

4

4.
Give an example of an organism for each type of symmetry

Asymmetrical- Poriferans (sea sponges)

Radical symmetry- chordates ( ppl) or dragonflies

5

5.
Diploblasts have which two tissue layers?

1. Ectoderm (outer skin)
2. Endoderm (inner skin)

6

6. What is the other tissue layer that triploblasts have and diploblasts don’t have?

Mesoderm (middle skin)

7

7. Be able to tell the difference between a diploblast and a triploblast from a diagram

Look at diagram

8

8. There are three types of body cavity configurations in triploblasts. Describe each.

Look at pic

1.
Acoelomate (no coelom):
No space in body other than it has layers directly connected
ex. Tapeworm

2.
Pseudocoelomate (false coelom):
Mesoderm around one part and endoderm around other part of the space
ex. Hook worms

3.
Coelomates:
Have mesoderm surround the entire space in the body
ex. Humans, birds

9

9.
Be able to recognize the body cavities from diagrams

On page

10

10.
Give an example of an organism for the different body cavity types

With # 8

11

11.
What is cellular respiration?

The process of changing food molecules, like glucose, to carbon dioxide and water. The energy released is trapped in the form of ATP for use by all the energy- consuming activities of the cell

12

12.
What is the chemical formula for cellular respiration?

C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 +6H2O

Glucose and oxygen make carbon dioxide and water

13

13.
Name the stages of cellular respiration and Include the amount of ATP produced in each stage.

G.PAO.CAC.ETC

1. Glycolysis
- 2 ATP
2. Pryovic Acid oxidation
- No ATP
3. Citric acid cycle
- 2 ATP
4. Electron transport chain
- 32 ATP

14

14. Where do the FADH2 and NADH go during cellular respiration?

They travel from the kerb cycle to the ETC and release lots of energy.
34 ATP

15

15.
Which stage is most energy efficient?

ETC is most efficient
- look up if right and why

16

16.
How much ATP is produced in the electron transport chain?

32 ATP

17

17. Compare dioecious and monoecious

Dioecious:
Sexes are separate, must meet in order to pro-create
Monoecious:
Both male and female reproductive structures in one organism, don’t need to meet to pro-create

Both- reproductive

18

18. What does sessile mean?

Sessile: fixes to one spot
ex. Sea sponges, sea enimines

19

19. Alternation of generations happens in many species of Cnidarians. Look at a diagram of this process. Be able to identify the planula, Medusa, and polyp

Look at diagram

20

20.
Define cephalization

Cephalization:
Accumulation of nerve tissue of one end.( a head developes)

21

21.
What are the three tagmata In Arthropods and what is each generally known for?

Head-
Function is for sensory and feeding
Thorax-
Locomotion (wings and legs)
Abdomen-
Contains digestive organs

22

22.
Why is an exoskeleton a good thing?

S- provides support
M- allows for movement
P-protection

23

23.
Which two phyla are deuterostomes

1. Phylum Echinodermata
2. Chordata

24

24.
Compare closed and open circulatory systems

Closed:
Blood doesn’t leave vessels
Open:
Blood is pumped through a short aorta into a space, does leave vessels and baths organs in blood

Similar:
Both have blood and a heart, gas, nutrient and waste exchange
Different:
Open is phylum mollusca
Closed is phylum annelida

25

25. Describe organ level, cellular level, tissue level and organ system level of organizations

Organ system level of organizations:

Organs come together to form system
Ex. Digestive system. Lots of parts come together to break down food

Cellular level of organization

Have loosely organized cells with no well defined tissues

Organ level:

Tissue come together to form an organ
ex. Organs join together to create brain

Tissue level:
When cells with similar jobs form tissues ex muscle tissue

26

26.
Why are calcareous ossicles important in sea stars?

For protection

27

27. What are tube feet good for?

Movement, respiration’s, get food

28

28.
Within the phylum chordata, there are three subphyla. What are they?

-Urochordata:
sea squirt
-Cephalochordata: lancelets
- vertebrata
everything with a backbone

29

29.
Which subphylum from 28 have the most organisms?

Vertabrata

30

30. State two things you learns about an organism that you didn’t know before

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