Cell Structure Flashcards Preview

Nat 5 Biology - Cell Biollogy > Cell Structure > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cell Structure Deck (9)
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1

Cell Membrane

Description: Selectively permeable double layer of lipid and protein molecules
Function: Supports and strengthens
Cell Type: All cell types

2

Cytoplasm

Description: Fluid enclosed by the cell membrane
Function: Location of many chemical reactions
Cell Type: All cell types

3

Ribosome

Description: Small complexes found in cytoplasm
Function: Where amino acids are connected to produce proteins
Cell Type: All cell types

4

Cell Wall

Description: Freely permeable layer surrounding cell membrane
Function: Supports and strengthens cell
Cell Type: Plant, fungal and bacteria

5

Mitochondria

Description: Rod-shaped structure found in the cytoplasm
Function: Where aerobic respiration occurs and most cell's ATP is produced
Cell Type: Animal, plant and fungal

6

Nucleus

Description:Where DNA is stored as chromosomes
Function: Controls activities of cell
Cell Type: Animal, plant fungal

7

Chloroplast

Description: Disc - shaped found in cytoplasm
Function: Where photosynthesis occurs and sugar is produced
Cell Type: Plant

8

Vacuole

Description: Compartment in cell, contains solution of salts and sugar (cell sap)
Function: Water storage and maintenance of turgor
Cell Type: Plant

9

Plasmids

Description: Small circular DNA molecules
Function: Contains genes to help cell function
Cell Type: Bacteria