Ceramics A - Quiz 1 Flashcards Preview

Senior Year > Ceramics A - Quiz 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ceramics A - Quiz 1 Deck (32)
0

What is clay? (2)

Rock that has been compressed in the ground; particles are flat

Made up of silica (which melts) and alumina (which allows it to melt at a low temp.)

1

What is plasticity?

Ability to stretch, and hold the shape it is stretched into

2

Why does clay have plasticity?

Clay has plasticity because their particles are flat and stick together when wet

3

Who were the first people in MN to make clay pots? When did they exist?
(2)

The woodlands

500 B.C. - A.D. 1000

4

What kind of clay do we use? What are their properties? (5)

Earthenware
- low fire
- smooth
- shrinks 10-15% after fired
- somewhat fragile/breakable

5

Why do we wedge clay?

To remove air pockets and mix the clay to make it consistent

6

At what temperature does our clay become mature?

Cone 06 - 1800 degrees Fahrenheit

7

What are the 5 stages of wetness/dryness that our clay goes through? (5)

1. Plastic clay
2. Leather hard clay
3. Bone dry clay
4. Bisque firing / bisque ware
5. Glaze / glaze firing / glaze ware

8

What stage of clay is recyclable? (3)

Plastic clay

Leather hard clay

Bone dry clay

9

Which stage of clay is permanent? (2)

Bisque ware and glaze ware

10

What stage of clay is best for joining?

Leather hard clay

11

What stage of clay is ready to be fired for the first time?

Bone dry clay

12

What machine do we fire our pots in?

The kiln

13

What machine recycled our clay?

The pugger

14

What 3 things do you do when joining two pieces of clay? (3)

Score
Slip
Meld

15

What are the 7 parts of a pot? (7)

1. Belly
2. Shoulder
3. Body
4. Foot
5. Neck
6. Lip
7. Mouth

16

What could make your pot blow up in the kiln?

Too much heat

17

Form (2)

A 3-D shape (height/width/depth)

Geometric, organic, or a combination

18

Plane (2)

Flat 2-D shape

When put together, the make forms

19

Line (3)

A 1-D mark that leads the eye

Can be actual (drawn or sculpted) or implied (by repeating things in a row)

The line of a pot or a thin handle could be a line

20

Space (3)

Gaps or emptiness in, around, or through an object

Space draws your eye into the piece

Can make an object more interactive, by allowing your hand to grasp a handle

21

Texture (2)

An applied pattern that you can feel

Texture is meant to enhance a surface and add interest

22

Value (2)

Highlights and shadows that make parts of a piece seem to stand out or fall back

Adds interest to a surface, and always accompanies texture

23

Color (2)

Color is either inherent (natural color of material) or applied (added later) to enhance the piece

Engobes, underglazes, and overgrazes all should be used intelligently to enhance the form of the pot

24

Elements of art (7)

Form
Plane
Line
Space
Texture
Value
Color

25

Unity

When one or more elements are repeated throughout a work of art, to make it feel in harmony with itself and complete

26

Variety (2)

(Contrast) when one or more elements are purposely very different from each other

Contrast creates interest by breaking up unity

27

Pattern (2)

When one element is used repeatedly as a design

Extreme use of pattern creates unity

28

Emphasis (2)

When one element purposely stands out more than all of the others, and so it catches your eye

Focal point of piece

29

Movement (2)

When one or more elements leads you eye in, around, or through a piece

Movement is closely associated with the element of line

30

Proportion (2)

When elements are sized properly for the overall form

Can be played with to created emphasis

31

Principles of design (6)

Unity
Variety (contrast)
Pattern
Emphasis
Movement
Proportion