Foods And Nutrition - Carbs And Fiber Flashcards Preview

Senior Year > Foods And Nutrition - Carbs And Fiber > Flashcards

Flashcards in Foods And Nutrition - Carbs And Fiber Deck (12)
0

Carbohydrates

Made up of what?

Body's main source energy and provides the body's need for dietary fiber

Compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

1

Food sources of carbohydrates? (5)

Pasta
Breads
Cereals
Grains
Rice

2

2 types of carbohydrates

Starches or complex carbohydrates

Simple carbohydrates

3

Simple carbohydrates (5)

Food sources:
- fruits, juices, milk
- candy, jelly
- have bad rep. because they're high in calories and low in nutritional value "empty calories"

Also measured in blood

4

Glucose (2)

Common simple sugar found in fruits, honey, and veggies

Found in simple carbohydrates

5

Complex carbohydrates (starches) (6)

Food sources

Other info?

Foods sources:
- whole grain breads and cereals, pasta, vegetables, rice, tortilla, and legumes (beans)

1,000's of simple sugars linked together

Enzymes break it down into the simplest form of glucose

Provides other nutrients beyond glucose vs. simple carbs

Released slower into body

No less than 40% consist of complex carbs

6

Fiber (4)

The plant material that didn't break down when you digest food

Many but not all carbs contain fiber

In it comes-out it goes

Not much nutritional value but essential for body

7

Function of complex carbohydrates (starches) (2)

Function in body:
- excellent source of fuel
- rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber

8

Food sources of fiber?

Food sources:
- oatmeal, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes (beans)

9

Function of fiber in body (3)

Function in body:
- aids in digestion
- may reduce risk of developing certain diseases and cancer
- helps promote regularity

10

How much fiber is recommended daily?

25-35 grams of dietary fiber

11

Types of fiber (2)

Insoluble and soluble