Flashcards in CF03, CRITICAL THINKING Deck (11):
_______________ is defined as the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication as a guide to belief and action.
Name the characteristics of a Proficient critical thinker:
A. Open-minded and healthy skepticism
B. Intellectual humility
C. Free thinker
D. Highly motivated
What are the Approaches for Evaluating Information?
Three effective approaches for evaluating information are to ensure information is credible, unbiased, and accurate.
The two types of Systems Thinking are -- ?
A. Reactive Thinking (System-1)
B. Reflective Thinking (System-2)
Explain Reactive Thinking (System-1)
Many of the judgments that you make every day are automatic or reactive, rather than reflective. Reactive thinking is “quick” thinking.
Explain Reflective Thinking (System-2)
is broad and informed problem-solving and deliberate decision-making. Reflective thinking is “slower” and takes more time and effort.
Name the HINDRANCES TO CRITICAL THINKING:
Basic Human Limitations, Use Of Language, Faulty Logic Or Perception, and Psychological Or Sociological Pitfalls
What are hindrances under Basic Human Limitations?
Confirmation Bias and Selective Thinking, False Memories and Confabulation, personal biases and prejudices, Physical and Emotional Hindrances, Testimonial evidence
What are hindrances under The Use of Language?
Ambiguity, Assuring expressions, Meaningless comparisons, Doublespeak jargon, Emotive content, False implications
What are hindrances under Faulty Logic or Perception?
Apophenia and superstition, Argument from ignorance, False analogies, irrelevant comparison, pragmatic fallacy, slippery slope fallacy