Flashcards in Ch. 1 Incident Management System Deck (69):
ICS vs IMS
Both roots in military
Both from FIRESCOPE.
Older (ICS) vs Newer (IMS).
Division (ICS) vs Sector (IMS).
IMS is as much an attitude as a tool.
-IMS demands communication and information
Standard method of operating at every incident that a fire department responds to
IMS makes _____ out of _____.
Two types of fire department operations
Preincident and Incident-specific
Also called "Concurrent operations".
Used by many LARGER departments.
Initial crews responding given assignments by PROCEDURE.
Companies procedurally given assignments by order in which they arrive.
Crews given the ability to complete other tasks but must inform command as soon as practical
"Sequential foreground operations".
Probably MAJORITY of departments.
Used in smaller departments.
Not all things can be accomplished at once.
Command must prioritize initial and subsequent actions
Most chatter is conducted over the radio with _____________ because command dictates assignments of all responding units and this must be conveyed via radio.
_____________assignments should be kept to a minimum INITIALLY at routine fires and _______ assignments should always be backed up with a subsequent and confirming _________.
Face to face.
Face to face.
Is a tool used to define the role and responsibility of every person who responds to a fire.
As units respond, they either:
Assume command-remainder of crew can and should be used in some firefighting task.
Are given an assignment-only name should change until next assignment. Once assignment given, officers should turn to EVOLUTION-BASED operations.
Stage - stage in an appropriate location.
_____ has an assignment. ________ know's ________ else's assignment.
Eliminates multiple commanders
IMS is _______ and command is the ______.
Command's responsibility is to ____, ____, and _____.
Determine the objectives.
Convert those objectives into strategy.
Assign crews to tactically carry out the strategy
Multiple/conflicting strategies can ______ and _____.
Burn down buildings.
IMS is not designed as _______________ although IMS does define the ________________ who responds to an incident.
A vehicle to place blame.
Roles and responsibilities of everyone
At a complicated house fire, an ___________ becomes a necessity.
Crews assigned something and see something else that needs to be done.
Remember two things:
Command can only see what one person can see
-tell command and then let command decide.
Command should have bigger picture
-interior officers may get a myopic view.
*Bottom line-let command know what you are doing if it all DEVIATES from the assignment OR the norm*
The backbone of wildland firefighting
IMS is built on _______. It's "_______________".
Divide and conquer
Only freelancing if you don't tell command is:
2nd rule of freelancing
"Command OK" no longer freelancing
Completing tasks other than what you are assigned is:
Acting without authority
It is the job of the ________ to ensure that company officers do their job.
Is responsible for operations, planning, logistics and admin.
Safety, Liaison and Information officers are _____.
Command's general staff and command staff are referred to as _______. What command can't or doesn't want to handle should be passed off to a _____, _____ or ______.
Command should ______________ to fill a staff or general staff position. They are filled when __________ arrive at the incident.
Rarely if ever take firefighters from the fight.
Additional crews and chief officers
Responsible for handling the emergency.
Directing crews assigned to fight the fire.
Reports directly to command.
Should work at command post.
If established, Staging reports to this position
Responsible for assessing what has happened.
What is currently happening.
And what could happen in the future.
Documenting resources on scene and current assignment
-in other words, accountability.
Responsible for getting the necessary tools and equipment to the incident.
SCBA bottles, canteen, etc.
In vast majority of house fires, command can handle this.
Larger apartment fires, command may designate
Responsible for handling the administrative requirements of the incident.
In world of wildland fires, established very early.
In world of structural, probably the LAST section to be established if established AT ALL.
Three staff positions, referred to as OFFICERS, that command must fill at EVERY incident: _____, ______, and ______.
Command general staff positions are referred to as _____ and the individual positions are referred to as ______.
Responsible for assuring the safest fireground possible.
At working residential fire, this is an essential staff position WHEN STAFFING ALLOWS.
Located wherever problems are evident at the specific fire.
When this section is established, a LOT of pressure is REMOVED from the incident commander
Provided continuity in fireground operations and management.
I-C-S (older version)
Office keeper of the command post in structural firefighting.
A luxury for residential fire.
Communicate w/outside entities and persons who have an interest without bothering command.
May use police officer (short on staffing)
Provides information to media, victims, families of victims, AND fire personnel.
Vacant house fire, command can fill.
Multiple alarm = assign.
Working apartment fire = INFORMATION to displaced occupants
-help make arrangements for temporary housing (p. 10 Logistics?)
The _________ must be filled all the time and at every incident. Someone has to be ACCOUNTABLE for the incident.
Someone needs to be able to change the play and call an audible.
All of the other boxes (planning, safety, liaison, etc.) are
Needs to be used in determining WHAT other, if any, boxes get filled at any fire?
Dictates WHEN command and any other section might get filled?
One of the first rules in accountability is that any accountability system should ________.
Not interfere with initial operations
_____ is not a tool that should distract, it should ______ the incident.
First priority of first-in crew should be ______, _______.
Firefighter and civilian safety.
NOT to fill command structure
P. 13 In the world of structural firefighting, RARELY is a ______ section required. Most of structure fires a dept. encounters last _________.
12 hrs or less
Let the _______ and ______ dictate what boxes to fill.
Incident and its nuances (aka circumstances)
Members of Command Teams required to have : (2)
Standards of qualification.
Hands on time in specific area of expertise at real incidents
Issued from state verifying qualifications
Four types of command
Types of command used is dependent on two or more factors:
Number of units of OFFICERS responding.
Number of ENTITIES formally represented at the command posts
Only one officer responds to incident "still box".
Traditionally one officer on single unit.
Command does not have to formally establish or announce in charge.
Officer SHOULD give an initial on-scene report, stating unit is on scene and initial conditions
Used whenever more than one unit responds.
Officer assuming command announces over radio.
PROCEDURE should dictate when and how command should be transferred.
Used at large, multijurisdictional incidents.
Allows for more than one individual to be command and establishes think-tank (more than one to be command!).
Individuals will share the burden of decision making and responsibility.
When used, MUST be 1) announced over radio and 2) documented.
BEST to appoint command lead agency.
WMD incident, health department - lead agency
Newer type of command
-Establish to oversee management of MULTIPLE incidents each handled by IMS organization. OR.
-Oversee the management of large/multiple incidents in which several INCIDENT MANAGEMENT TEAMS have been assigned.
Becomes unified area command when incidents are multijurisdictional
_____ command is established, announced over radio with initial scene report. Transmission is how everyone knows ____________. This fact is _________.
From whom to take direction.
First officer on scene announces fact he or she is command and from that time on, only officer to _________.
Make strategic decisions at the fire
Not only do they need to know how to make strategic decisions, they also need to _____________.
Inform incoming crews of their objectives
One individual needs to prioritize and direct even the smallest house fire, coordinate resources and take responsibility for the incident. That someone
IMS consists of ____ PARTS. (CSS)
Command - roles, relationships and responsibilities.
Staging - placement of uncommitted apparatus.
Sectorization - divides into manageable units OR task-oriented assignments
IMS establishes a __________________ at every emergency scene.
Universal form of communication
Everyone responding is given an assignment that is _______________ on scene and those listening.
Specific and known to all
With ____________, only certain officers should speak directly to command, and command should speak only to certain officers.
Command-to-control radio communications
In emergency operations under IMS, the span of control DROPS to ________ subordinates. When using IMS, this _______ should not be violated unless absolutely necessary. ____________ MUST PREVAIL HERE.
1:5 figure (not be violated).
One rule cannot and should not be created that ____________ that one person can manage.
Dictates the number of subordinates
Span of _______ is another factor that needs to be considered. The span of _______ is defined as the number of subordinates one person can _________ with effectively. Again, this is _________.
Chief officer at CP = _____, officer crawling down a hall ____.
5,6 or 10.
Hard time with 2 or more
IMS has given us the opportunity to _____________ and to identify _____________.
See who has good strategic concepts.
Identify areas of weakness