Flashcards in Ch. 9 Mission of Command Deck (52):
Actions of crews need to be prioritized. Four initial priorities are:
Stop the problem.
There may be times when an IC would ______________. These events usually arise from ________________.
For a short term, become a hands-on person.
Low staffing, and they should be the exception, not the rule
human body can only tolerate
Dry heat =
Moist heat =
200/2 rule =
Dry = 160.
Wet = 130.
200/2 = At 200F, more than 2 breaths, chance of survival is minimal
Our fire gear is only rated at a little over ______ for around ____ seconds. Flashover occurs at between ____ and _____.
700 to 1400F
3 scenarios for Plan B
FF CANNOT safely and effectively enter.
FF can safely/effectively enter but due to smoke/fire, no civilians could be ALIVE.
FF cannot effectively enter and no SAVABLE people.
*FF can enter/likelihood of savable people, aggressive FFing - PLAN A*
Human body can survive how long with 15% or less oxygen?
Command's mission should be carried out making every effort to ________________from effects of fire and other emergencies.
Protect life and property
Plan A is ______ and Plan B is _______.
Aggressive interior firefighting.
Changing fire conditions or waiting till conditions change
Good aggressive FFing is what constitutes Plan A.
Operations depend on: (3)
Number of FF's on scene AND
Their training and abilities
We go appropriately to Plan A at approx. ____% of fires and ____% of fires handled with one line.
You pull up and Plan B, then: (2)
Either change fire conditions OR
Wait for fire conditions to change themselves
Changing fire conditions can happen: (4)
Elevated master streams.
Activities that lessen likelihood of FF becoming injured: (3)
Initial vent efforts.
Laddering upper stories where ops will commence.
Darkening fire from exterior.
Plan B consists of fighting fire on _____ terms. With heavy life-hazard involvement, it may be justified to fight fire on ____ terms.
(w/o taking any steps to lessen likelihood of FF becoming part of problem).
After Plan A or Plan B, our next step is to:
Stop the problem
Last, we need to _____________ for the citizen while conducting the first three priorities.
Conserve as much property
Once command's initial priorities have been reviewed, the next step in making your initial assignments at a fire is ______________. ________ define ________.
To determine what your objectives are.
Objectives define outcomes!
Most incident commanders are ______ at defining their initial objectives, that is to say "__________" their actions.
Once you review 4 initial priorities (FF safety, civ safety, stop problem, cons. property) and determine initial objectives, you need to make specific assignments based three things:
Picture in FRONT of you (IC can develop objectives).
Command's initial priorities (First 2 most important).
-(After picture in front of you and answering questions-FF can enter/savable people, INITIAL ASSIGNMENTS made)
Availability of personnel and apparatus (IC needs to know what it takes to accomplish specific assignments - tools, personnel)
____________ is the most important factor determining what needs to be done first at an incident. OR
_________ is the most important factor in determining what the first on-scene crew's activities (and as such, their objectives) will be.
First view of the structure (what needs to be done).
First view (first crews activities).
_______ is when the officer rapidly evaluates the whole picture to determine the incident activities (or to-do list)
Size-up is influenced by: (ESOEA)
Extent of fire and smoke.
Actions of occupants/bystanders
Picture in front of you is the __________ in determining what needs to be done.
Most significant factor
Command priorities __________. The to-do list ___________.
Can change from incident to incident or minute to minute
Accomplishing each of command's tasks on the to-do list, one at a time is called _________.
After the extent of the fire has been evaluated, the ______ must be considered. One prominent method is the ________ rating. Ratings from _____ to _______. This method is most beneficial for _______ or _______.
NFPA, Class 1 (fire res.) to Class 5 (combustible).
Writing inspection or fire reports
As it relates to ________, size-up is concerned with the following: (3)
What is bldg being used for?
How many people could be in structure?
And special processes contained inside?
The mission of _______ is to coordinate the activities of emergency crews.
Two types of exposures
Internal exposures are protected best by two actions: (2)
Cutting off spread by proper placement of attack lines.
Checking for extension above, around and below (all six sides)
External exposures best protected by: (3)
Covering exposed surface with film of water.
Gaining access to exposed structure (no fire through windows or other openings).
Decreasing amount of BTUs being produced by source fire
Potential for fire spread of the source fire to an exposure must be evaluated:
As soon as possible
Under normal circumstances, if fire has spread to other structures, the first lines:
Probably should be used to protect the exposures.
-add'l line will then be needed to extinguish source
If someone is in the street waving as responders approach, then: (3)
Some sort of incident probably is in progress.
May have little bearing on the incident itself or its severity.
It should SERVE to get command's attention
After command makes initial assignments, command _____. IC should look for obvious changes in the _________________ from outside.
Fire and it's by-products
When looking for changes from the outside, command should look for: (3)
Changes in COLOR of smoke (dark to light/white - fire found/knocked down) (smoke getting darker - fire spreading/reaching flashover) (black to brown - fire into wood frame structure) (brown boiling - cellulose or wood burning).
Changes in FORCE of smoke (more pressure = more heat) (less pressure -fire running out of fuel).
Changes in LOCATION of fire (fire into locations remote from original site=multiple beginnings or fire in void spaces)
Smoke-getting progressively darker means:
Fire spreading OR reaching flashover
Brown boiling smoke
Cellulose or wood burning
Black smoke to brown indicates:
Flammable contents that were burning spread into woodframe structure.
Command's tasks (8)
Focus on incident (one of PRIMARY). Communicate/act on info from officers. Coordinate resources. Adjust to changes/updates. Responsible for OPLA. Something doesn't look right, stop it. Responsible for accountability. Directing division/group officers.
Focus on incident.
IMS is built on ______.
Command needs to find a location to focus.
Need to be able to see _______ sides of structure.
Ability to view specific locations and the back to whole incident.
_________ problems one of five associated with FF deaths.
Front of structure.
Communicate/act on info from officers
Not enough to acknowledge, must _________
Do something about it.
You are _____ if fireground orchestra - set tone, rhythm and tempo
If need more, order them.
If too many, send them back.
Adjust to changes and updates.
A good IC ____________.
Anticipates future needs.
-if they darken, what next
-if they can't locate, what next
-if they can't back down, water from where
-if fire pushes them
Responsible for OPLA
Ops - fire out.
Planning - origin and cause, accountability.
Logistics - our needs.
Admin - civilians needs.
Responsible for accountability.
NFPA 1500 ______ and 1561 ________.
Location and function
FD safety and health. Emergency services IMS
-IC = know every crew location/function.
-company officer = ensure IC knows crews location/function.
-company officer = know location/function of his crew.
-every firefighter = ensure officer knows location/function.
As IC, my responsibility to know _______ but not my responsibility to know _________. Not good enough to know WHAT crews are inside but also ___________.
Location and function of every crew.
Know which firefighters are riding which apparatus (officer).
WHERE crews are inside.
Any accountability system is only as good as ____________.
The communication process
Short radio transmissions from ____________. These should be done _______ and then as ___________.
Groups and division officers.
Prior to entry.
They move floor to floor.
Officers make radio transmissions, IC must acknowledge and track either _____ or _____
By the IC's mind.
Command does not need to list specific tools or site-specific evolutions except ___________.
In extreme situations.
-hazmat incidents or rookie/new officer riding the seat