Flashcards in Ch. 16 Mission of Overhaul and Salvage Deck (42):
Mission of __________ is to ensure that the fire is completely out and to PINPOINT the AREA of origin.
Smooth transition from attack to extension to overhaul normally carried out by ___________ but should be _______________.
DISTINCTLY assigned by command.
Overhaul has two tasks:
Pinpoint the area of origin.
Ensure that the fire is completely out
To accurately determine the cause, the ____ of origin must ___________ during the overhaul process.
Not be disturbed
Fire cause and determination are directly related to the ______ of origin.
The beauty of IMS is that ____________________________. If no assignments are made, the responsibility falls back to the _____________-___________.
Roles and responsibilities are DEFINED.
Individual in charge - command
Once the ______ of origin has been pinpointed and the scene investigation process is complete, ______________________ must be extinguished for final extinguishment.
ALL fire damaged property and ALL hotspots
_________ should be assigned as soon as the main body of fire is knocked down.
If assignments are made, the ____________ should be absolutely, positively sure of his or her role and responsibility. If ________________ are used, there should be no misunderstanding.
One exception for assigning attack to overhaul is when staffing is low and _____________________. If command assigns one attack group and more than one area may be involved, ____________________.
Fires are or may be in other areas of the structure.
Attack should move to the next logical area to seek out and extinguish fire.
_______ is there and should have all the tools necessary to commence overhaul. Once the main body of fire has been knocked down (and after the ____________________ has been given), command should reassign ________ to overhaul.
The overhaul process should be _____________.
Most problematic areas are __________, ____________, __________ and ___________ in areas in close proximity to the fire.
Certain floor coverings.
The areas or sides that have the ________ and ________ are the areas from which the fire came. This should lead you to the _______ of origin.
Room of origin.
The first step is to determine the ___________________ and the _______________, specifically the area of origin.
Areas that can be immediately overhauled.
Area that cannot be overhauled INITIALLY
Four type of wall systems used in single- and multifamily- (up to four units) residential structures:
Lath and plaster.
2nd phase of overhaul begins: (2)
Once the area of origin has been determined AND
On-scene investigation completed
Exterior wall systems only.
May be solid or veneer.
If solid, extensive overhaul normally not required.
If brick veneer, determine what is behind wall surface.
Interior of brick veneer will be one of the other three wall systems.
This type of wall system exists in older homes.
Discontinued after WW II.
Everything you need for a good fire is there: Heat, fuel and oxygen.
Painted or wall-papered over
Lath and plaster
System replaced lath and plaster.
System only as good as hanger and finisher.
Check higher up. Higher the better.
Drywall on wood studs
Newer form of construction.
Generally found in commercial or in REMOLDED sections of existing homes.
Drywall on steel studs
2 notes on drywall on steel studs
Potential for electrical shock.
-excellent conductors of electricity.
Possibility exists metal stud can conduct heat
One of the concerns of overhaul and COMMAND is where to put the "stuff" shoveled:
Unsightly-out of view, rear of bldg/alley, backyard is "ideal", alongside homes in driveways.
Dangerous-flare ups of debris is quite common, debris watered down for a long time, ENGINE DRIVER pull a booster and hose down the pile, not placed to close to the structure.
3 actual causes of fire
Allowing firefighters to overhaul area of origin prior to investigation makes the task of investigator ____________.
Task of the officer assigned to overhaul is to __________. In most cases, the area is __________
Determine the area of origin.
Isolating and identifying the area of origin is the _______, not the end. Once the area has been identified, it is up to ____________ to determine the actual cause.
Command or a qualified investigator
Overhaul is responsible for: (3)
Safety of the overhaul crew.
Locating the area of origin AND THEN completely extinguishing the fire.
Keeping command informed
Extension's mission is to check areas ______, _______, and _______ for extension and report these findings back to command. This says ___________________ any discovered fire.
Above, around, and below.
Nothing about extinguishing
In most fires, ______, _____ normally are assigned to the _____________.
Checking for extension, overhauling.
A:fire is knocked down
E:extension areas checked
Salvage should be conducted regardless of ______ or ______ status.
Salvage is ___________, but it is more that that, it is __________.
Salvage is directly related to the following functional groups:
Which functional group does this apply to, concerning salvage?
Nozzle discipline helps minimize damage.
Water damage is a key factor in fire loss
Salvage can be broken down into four basic categories:
"Do the CPRs to save our image"
SEPARATING areas from the fire and its effects.
PROTECTING valuables (public image).
REMINDING group supervisors that they should prevent unnecessary damage.
At an occupied structure, salvage should be assigned __________.
As soon as possible - AFTER the Big Four.
Best approach to salvage:
Confine, control, extinguish
If second floor has major involvement, salvage will want to concentrate on __________. If major area of involvement is first floor, salvage should go to _____ and then _____.
The first floor and below initially.
Up to second floor-stop smoke damage.
Basement-protect from smoke and water.
Salvage operations should take place in ___________ and usually should begin in areas _____________.
Areas most likely to contain savable property
AWAY from the fire area
If personnel available, an officer may be assigned to salvage to focus on _____________.
The areas being overhauled
To protect furniture most effectively, move it to ______________.
Areas where water flow is the least, push it together and cover.