Ch. 1 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 1 Vocab Deck (24):
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Communication

Exchange of information

1

Speech VS. language

Language is a system if symbols and codes.

Speech is articulated sounds and syllables.

2

5 components of COMMUNICATION

Voice, articulation, language, fluency, hearing

3

Study of the production, perception, of speech sounds

Phonetics

4

Study of speech sounds and patterns used to create words and language.

Phonology

5

Smallest meaningful unit of language.
(Prefixes or suffixes that can change the meaning of a word)

Morpheme

6

Speech sounds

Phoneme

7

Oral language

Organization of speech sounds

8

Non-oral language

Organization of non-oral signs or symbols

9

5 components of LANGUAGE

Phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics

10

Study of word structures.

Morphology

11

Arrangement of words to firm meaningful sentences

Syntax

12

Study of meaning in language

Semantics

13

Rules of language usage in SOCIAL situations

Pragmatics

14

Present at birth, the innate and perfect knowledge of the rules of the universal grammar

Language competence

15

The actual and imperfect production of language (producing language)

Language performance

16

Pragmatic functions: (3)

Instrumental (requests)
Regulatory (commands)
Interactional (joint action)

17

Verbal responses caused by motivation

Mands

18

Verbal responses that describe and comment on things and events

Tacts

19

Imitative verbal responses from the speech of another person

Echoics

20

Verbal responses stimulated by the speaker's own prior verbal responses

Intraverbals

21

Secondary verbal responses

Autoclitics

22

Disorder of communication caused by some defect in the neurophysiological mechanism of speech (cleft, or hearing loss, born with)

Organic disorder

23

Disorder of communication that does not have an organic basis (has no known cause)

Functional disorder