Ch. 10 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 10 Vocab Deck (20):
0

Language disorder associated with acquired brain damage. Affects all aspects of language.
Not a speech disorder

Aphasia

2

Difficulty in naming things, objects, and people

Anomia

3

Word substitution

Paraphasia

4

3 varieties of paraphasia

Phonemic paraphasia, verbal paraphasia, neologism

5

The substitution words sound like the correct words. Producing words but not always correct word
Ex: can't come up w/ the word "wife" so use "life"

Phonemic paraphasia

6

Substituted words have meanings similar to the correct words
Ex: "mop" instead of "broom" when talking about cleaning

Verbal paraphasia

7

Use of words that do not exist
Ex: making up a word

Neologism

8

Omission of grammatical elements (telegraphic speech)

Agrammaticism

9

Fluent but irrelevant or meaningless speech, often filled with neologistic words

Jargon

10

Writing disorder

Agraphia

11

Reading problems

Alexia

12

Sensory deficits

Agnosia

13

Group of motor speech disorders due to paralysis, weakness, or in coordination of the speech muscles (has no prob w/ language or reading)

Dysarthria

14

Neurological syndrome associated with persistent or progressive deterioration in intellectual functions. Loses ability to remember things, like: feed themselves, dress themselves

Dementia

15

Damage to the right hemisphere of the brain that results in neurobehavioral symptoms and communicative problems

Right hemisphere syndrome

16

(Swallowing disorder) A disorder of swallowing food and liquid

Dysphagia (not communicative disorder)

17

Injury to the brain from physical trauma or external force

Traumatic brain injury (TBI)

19

Disorder of sequenced movement of body parts in the absence of muscle weakness or paralysis

Apraxia

20

Patients cannot move the muscles of the throat, soft palate, tongue, and the cheek for non-speech purposes (can do it on their own though)

Oral apraxia

21

Patients cannot comply when requested to move their hand to wave goodbye or to show how a hammer is used (can do it on their own)

Limb apraxia