Ch. 4 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 4 Vocab Deck (17):
0

Five major systems of speech:

Respiratory, phonatory, articulatory, auditory, nervous system

1

Systems of speech:
Provides the "energy source" for speech (lungs)

Respiratory system

2

Systems of speech:
Provides the voicing (larynx)

Phonatory system

3

Systems of speech:
Acoustic source provided by voicing are modified by oral motor structures (mobile and immobile articulators)

Articulatory system

4

Systems of speech:
Controls musculature, receives and makes sense of input information (CNS and PNS)

Nervous system

5

Systems of speech:
Processes speech and non speech acoustic signals received and perceived by listener.

Auditory system

7

Refers to sounds that can be produced at level of larynx

Phonation

8

Larynx

Valve that prevents substances from entering the trachea. Includes vocal folds, cartilage, bones

9

Vibrates and creates sound

Vocal folds

10

Glottis

Space between vocal folds

11

Quality of sound by influence of structure of pharynx

Resonance

12

Vocal tract structures in the cavities of the throat and mouth

Pharynx

13

Flexible structure at the back of the mouth

Velum or soft palate

14

Roof of the mouth and floor of the nose

Hard palate

15

Articulators (mobile, immobile)

Mobile: tongue, lips, mandible, velum
Immobile: teeth, hard palate, alveolar ridge (behind teeth)

16

Transmits messages to and from brain

Neurons

19

Pulmonary system includes:

Lungs and trachea and diaphragm