Ch. 8 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 8 Vocab Deck (27):
0

Contains vocal folds at the top of the trachea

Larynx

1

Frequency of vocal fold vibrations (measurable correlate is frequency)

Pitch

2

Average rate at which the folds vibrate (inappropriate pitch level. Ex: woman with deep voice)

Fundamental frequency

3

Intensity of the sound signal. More intense a sound signal, the greater it's perceived loudness

Loudness

4

Extent to which the molecules of air or other mediums move. Greater the amp, the louder the sound

Amplitude

5

Strange production and harsh sound (voice)

Glottal fry

6

Modification of the laryngeal tone by the cavities throat, mouth, and nose

Resonance

7

Resonance due to structures of the oral cavity

Oral resonance

8

Resonance due to the nasal cavity

Nasal resonance

9

Excessive nasal resonance

Hypernasality

10

To little nasal resonance

Hyponasality

11

Define: etiology

Cause of

12

Voice disorder: shows no structural damage and usually exists in the speaker's "mind"

Neurogenic, or psychogenic, disorder

13

Voice disorder: direct physical cause such as nodule, or contact ulcer, due to misuse or abuse of the voice

Functional disorder

14

Physical cause due to birth defect, disease or infection

Organic disorder

15

Complete loss of voice; speaks in whispers, vocal folds are abducted during speech

Aphonia

16

Lack of voice, disorders of loudness, pitch, vocal quality, and resonance. Difficulty phonating ( strangled, harsh voice)

Dysphonia

17

Surgical removal of the larynx

Laryngectomy

18

The patient who underwent laryngectomy

Laryngectomee

19

Motor speech disorder

Dysarthria

20

Handled electronic instrument that generates sound that the patient modifies into speech (Steven..?)

Electrolarynx (artificial larynx)

21

The belching sound is then articulated into speech sounds

Esophageal speech

22

Small nodes that develop on the anterior (frontal) and middle-third portion of the vocal folds

Vocal fold nodules

23

Masses that grow and bulge out from the surrounding tissue

Polyps

24

Growths on the laryngeal structures (is viral). Sounds breathy and hoarse

Papilloma

25

A thin membrane that grows across and closes some or most of the opening between the folds

Laryngeal web

26

laryngeal cancer

Carcinoma