Ch. 5 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 5 Vocab Deck (26):
0

Distinguishing one sound from the other

Speech perception

1

Study of the sound system of language

Phonology

2

Concrete productions of specific sounds

Phonetics

3

Phonology vs. Phonetics

Study of the sound system of language

Concrete productions of speech

5

Class of speech sounds

Phonemes

6

Varied productions of an individual phoneme

Allophones

7

Combination of a vowel and a consonant

Syllables

8

Diphthong

A combo of vowels

9

Degree or type of constriction that consonants are classified by

Manner of articulation

10

Manner of articulation in 6 major categories of consonants:

Stops, fricatives, affricates, glides, liquids, nasals

11

Location of constriction that consonants are classified by

Place of articulation

12

Place of articulation with 7 categories are:

Bilabial sounds,
labiodental sounds,
linguadental sounds,
lingua-alveolar sounds,
linguapalatal sounds,
linguavelar sounds,
glottal sounds

13

Difficulty producing speech sounds without organic causes

Articulation disorder

14

Difficulty in brainwork that goes into organising the speech sounds into patterns of sound contrasts

Phonological disorder

15

Sound errors of omission:

Absence of a required sound in word position
Ex: ball ➡️ /bč/ "ba"

16

Sound errors of substitution:

Production of a wrong sound in place of a right one
Ex: rabbit ➡️ /wæbIt/ "wabbit"

17

Sound errors of distortion:

Imprecise sound production
(Slight lisp)

18

Sound errors of addition:

Adding a sound that does not belong to a word
Ex: song➡️/stčñ/ "stong"

19

A unique characteristic of a phoneme that distinguishes one phoneme from the other

Distinctive features

20

Simplifying difficult sound productions

Phonological process

21

Phonological processes:

Final consonant deletion, initial consonant deletion, cluster reduction, fronting, denasalization

22

Discriminates between the error of sound and the correct target sound

Auditory discrimination

23

Ankyloglossia

Severe "tongue tied"

24

A pattern of abnormal swallowing

Tongue thrust

25

Examination done to rule out gross organic problems in child's facial and oral structures

Orofacial examination

26

In testing, clinician produces the child's misarticulated sounds correctly and asks the child to imitate that production

Stimulability