Ch. 13 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 13 Vocab Deck (23):
0

Study of sound as a physical event

Acoustics and its components

1

Number of times a cycle of vibration repeats itself within a second

Frequency

2

Sensory experience related to changes in frequency

Pitch

3

Sound related to amplitude

Intensity

4

Extent of molecular displacement

Amplitude

5

Sensation related to physical intensity of the sound

Loudness

6

Study of hearing, disorders, and measurement and management

Audiology

7

Special training in the assessment of hearing disorders

Audiologist

8

Includes ear and its structures (outer, middle, inner)

Peripheral auditory system (p. 198)

9

Certain portions of the brain and the brainstorm

Central auditory system (p. 198)

10

Sound travels through the medium of air

Air conduction

11

Sound is transmitted by vibrating bones of the skull

Bone conduction testing

12

Hard of hearing and deaf

Hearing impairment

13

The sound is conducted to the middle or inner ear is diminished

Conductive hearing loss

15

Causes of conductive hearing loss

Otitis media, and Otosclerosis

16

3 varieties of otitis media:

Serous, acute, a and chronic

17

The middle ear is inflamed and filled with fluid, and the Eustachian tube is blocked

Serous

18

Middle ear infection has a sudden onset and a quick build up of fluid, causing pain

Acute

19

Chronic middle ear infections result in ruptured eardrum and possibly permanent hearing loss

Chronic

21

Infection of the middle ear

Otitis media

25

The hair cells in the cochlea or the acoustic nerve may be damaged, preventing the brain from receiving the neural impulses of sound

Sensorineural hearing loss

27

Disease of the bones of the middle ear

Otosclerosis

28

Sensorineural hearing loss known causes

Ototoxic drugs, noise, infections, maternal rubella, heredity, birth defects, anoxia, acoustic neuroma, old age, Ménière's disease