Ch 2 - Research Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 2 - Research Deck (15):
1

Research Wheel

Theory --> hypothesis --> Observations --> Generalizations --> Theory

Right half of circle deductive, left half is inductive

2

Scientific Methods

A body of technique used to investigate the world around us.

3

Hypotheses

Educated guess
Plural: hypothes(es)

4

Inductive

Specifics to general, creating a theory

5

Deductive

General to specifics, using a theory to deduce shit yo

6

Qualitative

Interviews, small scale, MULTIPLE REALITIES

7

Quantitative

Surveys, large scale, patterns and trends, ONE SHARED REALITY, deductive

8

Variables

concept with changing attributes

9

Nuremburg Code

Research ethics principles for human experimentation

10

Attributes

Categories of a variable. Religion: Islam, christianity etc.

11

Causation requires....(3)

1. Correlation
2. Time Order A-->B (A affect B? or B effect A?)
3. Non spurious relationship (no 3rd variable)

12

Spurious Relationships

Ice cream sales correspond with murder rates....(summer)

13

Validity

Accurately represents the world

14

Reliability

Consistency

15

Direction of Association

Positive: Both variables go up/down

Negative: opposite, more tv => lower grades

No: No correlation