Chapter 6 - Deviance Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Deviance Deck (12):
1

Deviance

Breaking a social norm that is met with disapproval
Can include non-chosen things (physical defects etc)
- Lack of consensus on what is deviant due to pluralistic society (diverse groups with different norms and values)

2

Crime

An act defined by law as punishable by fines and or imprisonment.
- Can have deviance w/ or w/o crime

3

Strain Theory - Merton
SHORT ANSWER

- Disconnect between goals and the means to reach them = deviance
- Anomie: when you experience this^

Response Goal Means
1. Conformity + +
2. Innovation + -
3. Ritualism - +
4. Retreatism - -
5. Rebellion +/- +/-

Ritualism: don't care about money but still go to college to make parents happy or whatever

Retreatism: being a drifter

Rebellion: Reject and replace traditional

4

Labelling Theory

- devient behavior is a product of the labels people attach to certain types of behavior
- deviance is seen as being socially constructed

5

Primary deviance (labelling theory)

Occurs at the moment an activity is labelled deviant

6

Secondary Deviance (Labelling theory)

When the person accepts the label as a part of their identity

7

Types of Deviance

1. Everyday Deviance: speeding, lying jaywalking, cheating
2. Crime
3. Sexual

8

Uniform Crime Report (UCR)

- reports 8 different types of crime, not white collar or upper class crimes though
- Violent = robbery, murder, assault, rape
- Property: burglary, arson, larceny, car theft
- Only reports worse event of double crimes
- Not all burglaries/robberies actually reported

9

National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)

Who the victims are

10

Prison Populations

Rising due to:
1. Mandatory minimum sentences
2. 3 Strike felony laws
3. The war on drugs

11

UM Honor Code

Yup

12

Academic Dishonesty

Yup