Ch 4 - Socialization Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 4 - Socialization Deck (26):
1

Socialization

Process by which you learn the culture of your society

2

Feral Children

Children who have lived in isolation from human contact

3

Cooley

"Looking Glass Self"
We see ourselves how we think others see us

4

Looking glass self

We see ourselves how we think others see us

5

Primary Groups (Cooley)

Group with intense emotional ties and sense of commitment.
Very influential to the person
i.e. Parents, girlfriend, familt

6

Secondary Group (Cooley)

Large and interpersonal with fleeting relationships
i.e. classmates, high school

7

Reference Group (Cooley)

Provide standards for judging one's attitudes or behaviors
i.e. media, role models

8

Mead

- The self is made of the "I" and the "me".
- Role Taking
- 4 Stages of Socialization

9

I and Me (Mead)

I: impulse to act; unpredictable, innovative, and creative
Me: we see ourselves as others see us. "What would society say if I did this impulse?" (like cooler's looking glass self)

10

Role Taking (Mead)

Ability to take on the roles of others in an interaction.

- Young boy pretends to be his soccer coach and as a result sees himself how the coach does.

11

4 Stages of Socialization (Mead)

1. Preparatory: Just have the I

12

Agents of Socialization

Family (most significant), school, peer groups, work, religion, technology, and mass media
- Means by which you become socialized

13

Agents of Socialization - Family

- Physically and emotionally dependent on adult members
- Learn family roles
- Institutional knowledge

14

Agents of Socialization - Education

- Values and norms through hidden and non-hidden agenda
- unspoken classroom socialization like being on time
- Learn patriotism, competitiveness, morality, respect for authority, and basic social skills

15

Agents of Socialization - Peers

- Adolescent focus
- Development of self esteem and self image, career choices, ambition, and deviant behavior

16

Agents of Socialization - Religion

- Teaching fundamental values and beliefs that contribute to a shared normative culture

17

Agents of Socialization - Mass Media

- TV (one way), internet (dynamic)
- Media violence can socialize children to acceptance of real violence. (immunized to the sight of violence)
-Less important agent
- Social media, fads and fashion, gender stereotypes

18

Total Institutions

Isolates from society in order to get administrative control over lives
- Boarding schools, prisons, military, nursing home

19

Social institution

established set of norms and subsystems with a social purpose

20

Re-socialization

altering a behavior through total control of a persons environment

21

Dramaturgy

The study of social interaction as if it were by the norms of a theatrical performance
- Waiter must have a presentation of self that is polite but in control

22

Front Stage

We are social actors engaged in a process of impression management through props, costumes, gestures, and language.

If we diverge from "script" high-five interviewer = risk consequences

23

Back Stage

Actors let down their mask and relax or even practice impression management

24

Presentation of Self

How you present yourself to more favorable adjust impression management

25

Social stratification

systematic ranking of people in hierarchy of inequality
1. Ranking
2. Life experience influenced by rank. Achieved = earned. Ascribed=born with.
3. Ranking very slow to change

26

Social Interaction

Process by which we act and react to those around us