Ch 3 - Culture Flashcards Preview

SOC 101 > Ch 3 - Culture > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 3 - Culture Deck (16):
1

Culture

the beliefs, way of life, art, and customs that are shared and accepted by people in a particular society

2

Material Culture

Physical objects created, embraced, or consumed i.e. phones, cars, movies

3

Non-Material Culture

Abstract creations about ideas of living. Traffic laws, dress code, words etc.

4

Norms

Social expectations that guide behavior

5

Mores

Strongly held norm, seriously offends society (Level 2).
Examples: 70 MPH in school zone, public nudity, belching at a nice restaurant

6

Folkways

Norm passed down/ OK to violate it (Level 1).
Examples: White wedding dress, married in church

7

Laws

Formal, institutionalized, enforced norm

8

Ideal Culture

What a society might claim to have.
"Beauty is only skin deep"

9

Real Culture

What a society actually has.
"Beauty is only skin deep"

10

Cultural Inconsistency

Actual behavior contradicts cultural goal.

11

Ethnocentrism

Judge other cultures by the standard of our own
"Our culture is normal"
No cheese in McDonald's in Jerusalem

12

Subcultures

Miami is a sub culture of the USA
Star trek

13

Countercultures

KKK & Amish

14

High Culture

Parts of culture held in the highest esteem.
Commonly the arts

15

Popular Culture

Everything mainstream in culture. Ideas, perspectives, attitudes etc

16

Cultural Relativism

Understand others actions in terms of their own culture