Chapter 16 - Health and Medicine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Health and Medicine Deck (14):
1

Health

State of mental, physical, and social well being

2

Medicine

institutionalized system for the scientific diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness

3

Preventative medicine

Medicine emphasizing a healthy lifestyle that will prevent poor health before it occurs

4

Sick role

The cultural definition of the appropriate behavior of and response to people labeled as sick.
Rights:
- excused from social roles
- not responsible for the illness
Obligations:
- seek medical treatment
- to try to get well
(Mostly applies to acute illness)

5

Medicalization of deviance

deviance is a manifestation of illness
- foreskin leads to more masturbation
- ADHD and low T treatment

6

Health Care

All those activities intended to sustain, promote, and enhance health

7

Social Inequalities in Health

- Poor people suffer more chronic illness and die earlier
- Poverty affects food security, housing stability, and maltreatment. Malnutrition, stunted growth, and suppressed immunity
- Exposed to violence more
- Work is more dangerous
- Live in air polluted places
- Less healthy diets
- Less likely to believe they need to see a doctor
- Lower class women more likely to die due to cancer (no preventative treatment)

8

Life Expectancy

- race and class so securely interconnect, racial minorities suffer from poorer health than white people
- Overall: 78.7
- White women: 81.3
- Black women: 78.2
- White men: 76.6
- Black men 72.1

9

Fundamental Cause Theory

Explains why SES and health correlate

1. Influences multiple disease outcomes
2. Multiple risk factors
3. Access to resources
4. Reproduced over time (cyclic)

- Resources: knowledge, money, power, social connections

10

Health Gradient

As income increases so do health outcomes

11

Access to Healthcare

- Poor are unable to access regular care and treatment
- Workplace coverage
- Medicare: over 65
- Medicaid: for the very poor, excludes a lot of people due to financial qualifications (too little to afford, but too much to qualify - service industry)

12

Morbidity

The rate of illness

13

Mortality

The rate of death

14

Obesity

- BMI >= 30
- 2nd to smoking as most common cause of mortality
- Eat out more, especially fast food