Which of the following is TRUE regarding the development of the reproductive structures?
Anterior pituitary development starts between the fourth and fifth weeks of fetal life.
The vascular connection between the hypothalamus and the pituitary is established by the second week of life.
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is produced at week 20.
The genital tubercle is developed at week 17.
Anterior pituitary development starts between the fourth and fifth week of fetal life.
An individual is diagnosed with early puberty. Which of the following has been linked with this condition? Presence of leptin Thin body habitus Decreased growth hormone Decreased luteinizing hormone
Presence of leptin
The appropriate term for sexual maturation is which of the following? Adolescence Puberty Adrenarche Gonadarche
In the female reproductive system, which of the following is the appropriate term for the thin perforate membrane that covers the vaginal introitus? Mons pubis Labia majora Vulva Hymen
Which of the following is a factor that helps to maintain the self-cleansing action of the vagina?
Acid-base balance that discourages the proliferation of most pathogenic bacteria
Thinness of the vaginal epithelium
Low estrogen level
Excess of Lactobacillus acidophilus
Acid-base glance that discourages the proliferation of most pathogenic bacteria
A woman has been diagnosed with cervical dysplasia. Which of the following anatomic locations is a common location for this type of cancer? Perimetrium Myometrium Endometrium Squamous-columnar junction
Which of the following hormones stimulates the ovary to release the ova and secrete progesterone? Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Luteinizing hormone (LH) Estrogen Testosterone
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Ovulation marks the beginning of which phase of menstruation? Menstruation Follicular/proliferative Luteal/secretory Secretory
Which of the following hormones inhibits follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) synthesis and secretion? Activin Inhibin Follistatin Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Which of the following structures is comma shaped and curves over the posterior portion of each of the testes? Vas deferens Tunica dartos Epididymis Corpora cavernosa
Which structure secretes a thin milky substance with an alkaline pH that helps sperm survive the alkaline environment? Prostate gland Cowper gland Spermatogonia Sertoli cell
To which of the following does testosterone bind? Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) Prolactin Sertoli cells Leydig cells
Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG)
Which of the following is the appropriate term for breast development? Adrenarche Thelarche Gonadarche Puberty
A Papanicolaou (Pap) test evaluates for which of the following? Vaginal infection Breast cancer Cervical cancer Endometrial cancer