Ch. 22 Structure and Function of the Reproductive Systems Flashcards Preview

Patho Test 2 Evolve/Elsevier > Ch. 22 Structure and Function of the Reproductive Systems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 22 Structure and Function of the Reproductive Systems Deck (14)
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1
Q

Which of the following is TRUE regarding the development of the reproductive structures?
Anterior pituitary development starts between the fourth and fifth weeks of fetal life.
The vascular connection between the hypothalamus and the pituitary is established by the second week of life.
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is produced at week 20.
The genital tubercle is developed at week 17.

A

Anterior pituitary development starts between the fourth and fifth week of fetal life.

2
Q
An individual is diagnosed with early puberty. Which of the following has been linked with this condition?
  Presence of leptin
  Thin body habitus
  Decreased growth hormone
  Decreased luteinizing hormone
A

Presence of leptin

3
Q
The appropriate term for sexual maturation is which of the following?
  Adolescence
  Puberty
  Adrenarche
  Gonadarche
A

Puberty

4
Q
In the female reproductive system, which of the following is the appropriate term for the thin perforate membrane that covers the vaginal introitus?
  Mons pubis
  Labia majora
  Vulva
  Hymen
A

Hymen

5
Q

Which of the following is a factor that helps to maintain the self-cleansing action of the vagina?
Acid-base balance that discourages the proliferation of most pathogenic bacteria
Thinness of the vaginal epithelium
Low estrogen level
Excess of Lactobacillus acidophilus

A

Acid-base glance that discourages the proliferation of most pathogenic bacteria

6
Q
A woman has been diagnosed with cervical dysplasia. Which of the following anatomic locations is a common location for this type of cancer?
  Perimetrium
  Myometrium
  Endometrium
  Squamous-columnar junction
A

Squamous-columnar junction

7
Q
Which of the following hormones stimulates the ovary to release the ova and secrete progesterone?
  Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  Estrogen
  Testosterone
A

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

8
Q
Ovulation marks the beginning of which phase of menstruation?
  Menstruation
  Follicular/proliferative
  Luteal/secretory
  Secretory
A

Luteal/secretory

9
Q
Which of the following hormones inhibits follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) synthesis and secretion?
  Activin
  Inhibin 
  Follistatin
  Luteinizing hormone (LH)
A

Inhibin

10
Q
Which of the following structures is comma shaped and curves over the posterior portion of each of the testes?
  Vas deferens
  Tunica dartos
  Epididymis 
  Corpora cavernosa
A

Epididymis

11
Q
Which structure secretes a thin milky substance with an alkaline pH that helps sperm survive the alkaline environment?
  Prostate gland
  Cowper gland
  Spermatogonia
  Sertoli cell
A

Prostate gland

12
Q
To which of the following does testosterone bind?
  Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) 
  Prolactin
  Sertoli cells
  Leydig cells
A

Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG)

13
Q
Which of the following is the appropriate term for breast development?
  Adrenarche
  Thelarche
  Gonadarche
  Puberty
A

Thelarche

14
Q
A Papanicolaou (Pap) test evaluates for which of the following?
  Vaginal infection
  Breast cancer
  Cervical cancer
  Endometrial cancer
A

Cervical cancer