Ch. 33: Imperative Flashcards Preview

Basics Of Biblical Greek > Ch. 33: Imperative > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 33: Imperative Deck (10):
1

What are the three functions of the imperative?

(Imperative of:)

1. ...Command

2. ...Entreaty

3. ...Prohibition (+emphatic negation)

2

What are the 4 + 1 constructions of prohibitions listed?

1. οὐ + Future Indicative (Simplest Negation)
2. μή + Present Imperative (Prohibiting Continuous Action)
3. μή + Aorist Imperative (Prohibiting Undefined Action)
4. μή + Aorist Subjunctive (Strong than #1)
5. οὐ μή + Aorist Subjunctive (Emphatic Negation; Stronger than #4; Very firm, "This will never happen!"

3

What is the imperative εἰμί, s + p, and what is special about it?

It only has second and third person:

2s: ἴσθι
3s: ἔστω

2p: ἔστε
3p: ἔστωσαν

4

The Present (continuous) imperative is built on what stem?

Present Stem

5

The Aorist (undefined) imperative is built on what stem, and what is notable about it?

Aorist stem (without augment)

6

What do you do in the case of a 3rd person imperative?

Use "Let" and add pronoun.

7

What are the four perfect imperatives used in the NT?

1. πεφίμωσο (φιμόω, Mark 4:39)
2. ἔρρωσθε (ῥώννυμι, Acts 15:29)
3-4. ἴστε (οἶδα, Eph 5:5; Jas 1:19)

8

What is the Present: Active, Middle, and Passive?

ACTIVE:
2s: -ε
3s: -ετω

2p: -ετε
3p: -ετωσαν

MIDDLE:
2s: -ου
3s: -εσθω

2p: -εσθε
3p: -εσθωσαν

PASSIVE:
2s: -ου
3s: -εσθω

2p: -εσθε
3p: -εσθωσαν

9

What is the FIRST Αοrist: Active, Middle, and Passive?

ACTIVE:
2s: -σον
3s: -σατω

2p: -σατε
3p: -σατωσαν

MIDDLE:
2s: -σαι
3s: -ασθω

2p: -σασθε
3p: -σασθωσαν

PASSIVE:
2s: -θητι
3s: -θητω

2p: -θητε
3p: -θητωσαν

10

What is the SECOND Αοrist: Active, Middle, and Passive?

--Same as the Present Tense, but uses 2nd Aor Stem--
ACTIVE:
2s: -ε
3s: -ετω

2p: -ετε
3p: -ετωσαν

MIDDLE:
2s: -ου
3s: -εσθω

2p: -εσθε
3p: -εσθωσαν

PASSIVE:
2s: -ου
3s: -εσθω

2p: -εσθε
3p: -εσθωσαν