GL502 Exam #1 Study Q's Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GL502 Exam #1 Study Q's Deck (23):
1

What are the four sets of personal endings for verbs?

Primary Active: ω, εις, ει, ομεν, ετε, ουσι(ν)
Primary Mid/Pass: μαι, σαι, ται, μεθα, σθε, νται
Secondary Active: ν/-, ς, - (ν), μεν, τε, ν/σαν/σι
Secondary Mid/Pass: μην, σο, το, μεθα, σθε, ντο

2

How do you decline πᾶς, πᾶσα, πᾶν?

πᾶς, παντός, παντί, πάντα/πάντες, πάντων, πᾶσι(ν),πάντας
πᾶσα, πάσης, πάσῃ, πᾶσαν/πᾶσαι, πασῶν, πάσαις, πάσας
πᾶν, παντός, παντί, πᾶν/πάντα, πάντων, πᾶσι(ν), πάντα

3

What are the present, imperfect, and future forms of εἰμί?

Present:
εἰμί, εἶ, ἐστίν / ἐσμεν, ἐστέ, εἰσίν
Imperfect:
ἤμην, ἦς, ἦν / ἦμεν/ἤμεθα, ἦτε, ἦσαν
Future:
ἔσομαι, ἔσῃ, ἔσται / ἐσόμεθα, ἔσεσθε, ἔσονται

4

What are the case endings for 1st declension words?

1st: FEM:
nom: α/η
gen: ας/ης
dat: ᾳ/ῃ
acc: αν/ην

nom: αι
gen: ων
dat: αις
acc: ας

5

What are the case endings for 2nd declension words?

2nd Decl. (Masc. / Neut):
nom: ος / ον
gen: ου / ου
dat: ῳ / ῳ
acc: ον / ον

nom: οι / α
gen: ων / ων
dat: οις / οις
acc: ους / α

6

What are the case endings for 3rd declension words?

3rd Decl. (Masc./Fem [same], Neut.):
nom: ς/-, -
gen: ος, ος
dat: ι, ι
acc: α/ν, -

nom: ες, α
gen: ων, ων
dat: σι(ν), σι(ν)
acc: ας, α

7

What are the possible positions and functions for adjectives, and what are their recognition tips?

Two possible positions: (1) Attributive, and (2) Predicate.

Four possible functions:

(1) Attributive Adjective (article, assoc. noun ag. in GNC)
(2) Substantival Adjective (article, no assoc. noun)

(3) Predicate Adjective (no art., assoc. noun/pronoun (always in nom., verb "to be" expressed or implied)
(4) Adverbial Adjective (no art., no assoc. noun, neuter sing. accusative)

8

What are the three uses of αὐτός?

Three Uses: Identical Adj., Intensive Adj., Independent Pronoun

Position: Attributive:
(1.) Identical Adjective - i.e. "...SAME..." (attributive adj.: article, noun ag. GNC; substantival adj.: article, no assoc. noun)

Position: Predicate:
(2.) Intensive Adjective - i.e. "...HIMSELF..." (no art., assoc. noun or pronoun GNC)
(3.) Independent Pronoun - i.e. "...HE..." (no art., no assoc. noun)

9

What are the components of the Present Active Indicative?

Present Stem + Connecting Vowel + Primary Active Endings

10

What are the components of the Present Mid/Pass Indicative?

Present Stem + Connecting Vowel + Primary Mid/Pass Endings

11

What are the components of the Future Active Indicative?

Future Stem + Tense Formative (σ) + Connecting Vowel + Primary Active Endings

12

What are the components of the Future Middle (Deponent) Indicative?

Future Stem + Tense Form. (σ) + Connecting Vowel + Primary Mid/Pass Endings

13

What are the components of the Imperfect Active Indicative?

Augment (ἐ) + Present Stem + Connecting Vowel + Secondary Active Endings

14

What are the components of the Imperfect Mid/Pass Indicative?

Augment (ἐ) + Present Stem + Connecting Vowel + Secondary Mid/Pass Endings

15

What are the components of the Second Aorist Active Indicative?

Augment (ἐ) + Aorist Stem + Connecting Vowel + Secondary Active Endings

16

What are the components of the Second Aorist Middle Indicative?

Augment (ἐ) + Aorist Stem + Connecting Vowel + Secondary Mid/Pass Endings

17

What are the components of the First Aorist Active Indicative?

Augment (ἐ) + Aorist Stem + Tense Form. (σα) + Secondary Active Endings

18

What are the components of the First Aorist Middle Indicative?

Augment (ἐ) + Aorist Stem + Tense Form. (σα) + Secondary Mid/Pass Endings

19

What are the components of the Perfect Active Indicative?

Redupl. (Init.Con.+ε) + Perfect Stem + Tense Form. (κα or α) + Secondary Active Endings

20

What are the components of the Perfect Mid/Pass Indicative?

Redupl. (Init.Con.+ε) + Perfect Stem + Primary Mid/Pass Endings

21

What is the tense formative of the Future Active/Mid/Pass Ind.?

Tense formative of the Future Active/Mid/Pass Ind. = σ

22

What is the tense formative of the Liquid Future Act./Mid/Pass Ind.?

Tense formative of the Liquid Future Active/Mid/Pass Ind. = εσ

23

What are the tense formatives for the following:
1. Fut. Act./M/P Ind.
2. Liquid Fut. Act/M/P Ind.
3. 1st Fut. Pass.
4. 2nd Fut. Pass
5. 1st Aor. Act Ind.
6. Liquid Aor Act Ind
7. 1st Aor Mid
8. 1st Aor Pass
9. 2nd Aor Pass
10. 1st Perf Act Ind
11. 2nd Perf Act Ind

1. Fut. Act./M/P Ind. = σ
2. Liquid Fut. Act/M/P Ind. = εσ
3. 1st Fut. Pass. = θης
4. 2nd Fut. Pass = ης
5. 1st Aor. Act Ind. = σα
6. Liquid Aor Act Ind = α
7. 1st Aor Mid = σα
8. 1st Aor Pass = θη
9. 2nd Aor Pass = η
10. 1st Perf Act Ind = κα
11. 2nd Perf Act Ind = α