Ch. 7 Age and Sex-Related Differences and Their Implications for Resistance Exercise Flashcards Preview

CSCS > Ch. 7 Age and Sex-Related Differences and Their Implications for Resistance Exercise > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 7 Age and Sex-Related Differences and Their Implications for Resistance Exercise Deck (14)
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1

resistance exercise

a specialized method of conditioning that involves the progressive use of resistance to increase one's ability to exert or resist force

2

preadolescence

refers to a period of life before the development of secondary sex characteristics

3

adolescence

refers to the period between childhood and adulthood

4

Puberty

refers to a period of time in which secondary sex characteristics develop and a child is transformed into a young adult

5

chronological age

age measured in months or years

6

biological age

measured in terms of skeletal age, physique maturity, or sexual maturation

7

menarche

the onset of menstruation

8

training age

the length of time the child has been resistance training

9

peak height velocity

pubertal growth spurt

10

diaphysis

the central shaft of a long bone where bone formation occurs

11

growth cartilage

which is located at three sites in the child: the epiphyseal (growth) plate, the joint surface, and the apophyseal insertions of muscle-tendon units

12

osteoporosis

a clinical condition characterized by low bone mass and an increased susceptibility to fractures

13

Osteopenia

defined by a bone mineral density between -1 and -2.5 standard deviations of the young adult mean

14

sarcopenia

a loss of muscle mass, often caused by advance in age