Ch17 - Terms Flashcards Preview

World History - 10th > Ch17 - Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch17 - Terms Deck (28):
1

bureaucracy

Government by men who sit at desks; a complex organization of appointed officials

2

authoritarian

expecting unconditional obedience to authority

3

totalitarian

having total power over every area of peoples individual lives

4

League of Augsburg

coalition of several European nations formed in 1686 against France

5

Battle of Blenheim

the most notable victory of the allied forces over Rance during the War of the Spanish Succession

6

Age of Enlightenment

a movement that attempted to apply unaided human philosophy to all areas of man's life in order to establish a new social order

7

rationalism

the idea that man's reason is the sole criterion for truth

8

romanticism

philosophy that exalts man's emotions and imagination as the basis for truth and advocates a "return to nature"

9

Estates-General

decision-making body composed of representative from all three social classes in France.

10

National Assembly

the official representative body of all the people of France; first government after the beginning of the French Revolution; formed the Third Estate

11

Tennis Court Oath

oath taken by the ousted member of the Third Estate to continue meeting until a national constitution had been written

12

August 4 Decrees

a reform adopted by the National Assembly; ended the lords' privileges of collecting land taxes from peasants, hunting on peasants' lands, and taking special privileges over peasants in the courts of law.

13

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

declaration adopted by the National Assembly; proclaimed the new regime's slogan.

14

What was new regime's slogan?

"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, or Death"

15

Jacobin Club

club formed by radical extremists who met in an old Jacobin monastery in France

16

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

document which set up a Church of France

17

Constituent Assembly

later name for the National Assembly

18

Constitution of 1791

France's first written constitution

19

Napoleonic Wars

series of wars from 1792 to 1815; one of the most important series of wars in the history of the world.

20

National Convention

government which replaced the Constituent Assembly and executed Louis XVI

21

guillotine

device used during the French Revolution to behead "enemies of the republic"; became the symbol of the French Revolution.

22

Committee of Public Safety

committee set up by the National Convention; 12 men with extensive police and judicial powers; instituted the Reign of Terror under Robespierre.

23

Reign of Terror

period during which 40,000 known and suspected "enemies of the Republic" were guillotined and hundreds of thousands were arrested

24

What government replaced the National Convention?

Directory

25

What government was established by Napoleon with himself as dictator?

Consulate

26

What was an election (in France) in which the people express their will?

plebiscite

27

What was Napoleon's formal peace agreement with the Roman Catholic Church?

Concordat

28

Continental System

French policy which forbade the important of British goods into any European country under French control and also tried to stop trade between England and neutral countries