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Flashcards in Ch26 - People Deck (54):
1

Who was the head of the Communist Russia's delegation at the founding of the UN?

Andrei Gromyko

2

Who was an official in the U.S. State Department during the founding of the UN who was later implicated as a spy for the Soviet Union?

Alger Hiss

3

What American couple was convicted of treason in 1951 and executed in 1953 for passing vital information to Russian agents?

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

4

What director of Britain's nuclear research program was convicted in 1950 for supplying Moscow with a top-secret trigger mechanism that would detonate the atomic bomb?

Klaus Fuchs

5

Who was Stalin's successor that led Russia from 1955 to 1964?

Nikita Khrushchev

6

Who claimed that the Soviet Union had shifted from active agitation and aggression to a desire for "peaceful coexistence" with the free world?

Khrushchev

7

Who was Yugoslavia's leader that established his own brand of Communism outside the Soviet sphere of control?

Marshal Tito

8

Who was the leader of West Germany that moved his nation toward a vigorous free market economy and transformed it into one of the most prosperous nations in the world.

Konrad Adenauer

9

Who was the leader of the Free French government during World War II and helped write a new constitution and establish the Fifth Republic?

Charles de Gaulle

10

What socialist became president of France and nationalized much of France's industry, business, and finances, causing the economy to deteriorate?

Francois Mitterand

11

What successor of Francisco Franco encouraged moderation and democratic rule during periods of unrest in Spain?

Juan Carlos

12

What Christian statesman led the Nationalist Chinese to Taiwan after the Communist takeover of mainland China?

Chiang Kaishek

13

Who led the Chinese Communists in revolution against the Nationalist government in 1949 and established a Communist regime in mainland China called the People's Republic of China?

Mao Tse-tung

14

Who emerged as Communist China's most powerful leader by 1980?

Deng Xaioping

15

Who was the leader of the Communist puppet regime in North Korea?

Kim Il-sung

16

Who was elected the first president of the Republic of Korea?

Syngman Rhee

17

Who was a WWII hero and supreme commander of all United States and United Nations forces during the Korean War.

Douglas MacArthur

18

Who told Congress "there can be no substitute for victory?"

Douglas MacArthur

19

What Cuban dictator was overthrown by a Communist revolution?

Fulgencio Batista

20

Who was the leader of the revolutionary group that toppled Batista and imposed Communism on Cuba in 1959?

Fidel Castro

21

Who led military overthrew of the government in Argentina and served as president of Argentina?

Juan Peron

22

Who succeeded her husband as president of Argentina and was the first woman to head a government in the Western Hemisphere?

Isabel Peron

23

Who was the Communist president of Chile?

Salvador Allende

24

Who succeeded Allende as president of Chile and brought reform?

Augusto Pinochet

25

What Russian-born Jewish chemist headed the World Zionist Organization and became the first president of Israel?

Chaim Weizmann

26

Who was Israel's first prime minister?

David Ben-Gurion

27

What Israeli prime minister and Egyptian president met with what US President to discuss a peaceful settlement of Israeli-Egyptian disputes?

Israel - Menachem Begin
Egypt - Anwar el-Sadat
U.S. - Jimmy Carter

28

What were the Accords that were signed to try to make peace between Israel and Egypt?

Camp David Accords

29

Who was the head of the PLO?

Yassir Arafat

30

Who was called "the Shah" and was Iran's anti-Communist ruler who was overthrown by a combined force of Communist terrorists and Muslim radicals?

Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi

31

Who was Iran's totalitarian Muslim leader that captured the US Embassy in Tehran and took 63 Americans hostage?

Ayatolla Ruhollah Khomeini

32

Who was the dictator of Iraq that initiated a bloody war with Iran in the 1980s?

Saddam Hussein

33

What leaders advocated civil disobedience against the British government of India as a means of achieving Indian independence?

Mahatma Gandhi
Jawaharlal Nehru

34

What Prime Minister of Ghana that, after becoming the idol of African nationalists, became an outright dictator and later was overthrown in a military coup?

Kwame Nkrumah

35

What pro-Communist premier fought a civil war in the Republic of the Congo with the help of the Soviet Union?

Patrice Lumumba

36

What American medical missionary was murdered by Marxist-supported terrorists in the Republic of the Congo?

Dr. Paul Carlson

37

What emperor of Ethiopia was overthrown by a military coup in 1974 and was murdered shortly afterward?

Haile Selassia I

38

What Vietnamese Communist formed the Indochinese Communist Party with the intention to establish a Communist government over all of French Indochina?

Ho Chi Minh

39

Who was the first president of South Vietnam and was assassinated in 1963?

Ngo Ding Diem

40

Who was the commander of U.S. troops in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War?

William C. Westmoreland

41

What Hungarian-born American physicist worked on the Manhattan Project and also on the hydrogen bomb?

Edward Teller

42

Who was the "Father of the Hydrogen Bomb"?

Edward Teller

43

What pro-Communist consultant to the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission helped develop the atomic bomb but opposed the building of the hydrogen bomb?

J. Robert Oppenheimer

44

What presidential assistant for national security affairs ended American opposition to Communist China's membership in the United Nations?

Henry Kissinger

45

Who became head of the Soviet Union in 1964, continued the policy of "peaceful coexistence" and used the West's desire for detente to his advantage?

Leonid Brezhnev

46

What famous Russian writer was imprisoned in the Soviet Union for exposing the cruelties of Communism and was later exiled to the West?

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

47

Who was the first man into space and which country is he from?

Yuri Gagarin
Russia

48

Who was the first man to step onto the surface of the moon and what country is he from?

Neil Armstrong
American

49

Who was Britain's first woman prime minister and was noted for her conservative reforms and emphasis on traditional morality?

Margaret Thatcher

50

What was President of the US from 1981 to 1989 and promoted conservative economic principles and a return to traditional morality?

Ronald Reagan

51

Who was the leader of the Solidarity movement in Poland?

Lech Walesa

52

What Soviet Union leader (from 1985 to 1991) signed the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty in 1987 and loosened Soviet control over Eastern Europe?

Mikhail Gorbachev

53

What cruel Romanian dictator was executed with his wife in the overthrow of Communism in 1989?

Nicolae Ceausescu

54

What Russian Republic president led resistance against the 1991 coup?

Boris Yeltsin