Ch24 - Pages 359 - 362 Flashcards Preview

World History - 10th > Ch24 - Pages 359 - 362 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch24 - Pages 359 - 362 Deck (19):
1

Conservatism

The principle or practice of conserving (preserving) established traditions or institutions and opposing changes in them.

2

What is the Bible in terms of conservatism ?

It is the most powerful conservative force through the ages.

3

Positivism

Nothing can be known except observable scientific "facts"

4

Auguste Comte

Invented and taught positivism; coined the term "sociology".

5

Sigmund Freud

Formulated a system known as psychoanalysis.

6

Psychoanalysis

Subconscious physical drives or irrational fears determine a man's actions.

7

Behavioral psychology

Denies man's sinful nature by reducing man to the status of an animal or machine.

8

Ivan Pavlov, J. B. Watson, and B. F. Skinner

Separately developed behavioral psychology.

9

Pragmatism

The philosophy that an idea or an action should be judged solely by its results, regardless of any moral or Scriptural considerations.

10

Existentialism

The "anti-philosophy" which claims that there is no truth or reality.

11

Soren Kierkegaard

"All that man can do is take a leap of faith into the great unknown in hopes of achieving some kind of reality."

12

Frederick Nietzsche

Said that, "God is dead" and there were no absolute values except "the will to power".

13

John Dewey

Developed progressive education.

14

Traditional education

Passing on traditional knowledge from generation to generation; the complete opposite of progressive education.

15

Secularism

The belief that matters of morality should be based on consideration of the well-being of mankind in this present life.

16

Humanism

Dependence upon man's reasonings and feelings alone, with no respects of God's authority.

17

Humanist Manifesto

A document which expressed point by point the "faith" of humanism.

18

Humanist Manifesto II

Proposed a design for a secular society on a planetary scale and said that faith in God was absurd.

19

Liberalism

The desire to be free from absolute standards and morals, especially those of the Scriptures.