Ch6: FMEA, TPS, & TQM Flashcards Preview

Quality Management > Ch6: FMEA, TPS, & TQM > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch6: FMEA, TPS, & TQM Deck (17)
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1

system

set of functions or activities within an organization that work together for the aim of the organization

2

FMEA

Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
- used to evaluate potential failure modes and their causes
- prioritizes potential failures according to their risk and drives actions to eliminate or reduce their likelihood of occurrence

3

Poka Yoke

mistake-proofing
- achieving 0 defects

4

Poka Yoke examples

-USB units
- dryer stops when the door is open
- parking garages have low clearance abrs

5

cellular manufacturing

product focused cells, flexible equipment, high visibility, easy to monitor quality

6

TPS

toyota production system

7

Elements of TPS (6)

1. All processes are driven to be in control and capable
2. Problems are natural and are good opportunities to learn
3. Every activity must add value
4. Heijunka - make what they want when they want it
5. Human infrastructure
6. Effective Facility Layouts

8

MUDA

- uselessness
- eliminate MUDA

9

Role of Management (6)

1. Responsible for culture of mutual trust
2. Serve as coaches & facilitators
3. Support culture with appropriate incentive system including non-monetary
4. Responsible for developing workers
5. Provide multi-functional training
6. Facilitate teamwork

10

effective facility layouts (2)

1. Cellular Manufacturing
2. U-shaped lines

11

Cellular manufacturing

- producing similar products using cells or groups of team members
- major advantage is that material flow is significantly improved, which reduces the distanced travelled by materials

12

U-shaped lines

allows material handler to quickly drop off materials and pick up finished work

13

TPS philosophy

a system will deteriorate without constant attention

14

JIT

- producing and delivering the right parts in the right quantities at the right time at the right locations

15

Kanban system

at toyota it means a small sign displayed in front of a worker
- helps visibility

16

Andon

workers use to indicate to hi coworkers, supervisors, and bosses an abnormal condition in the assembly line

17

Kaizen

5whys
- employees suggest improvements